Policy and Planning Managers
Policy and Planning Managers plan, organise, direct, control and coordinate policy advice and strategic planning within organisations.
Also known as: Public Policy Manager.
Specialisations: Corporate Planning Manager, Strategic Planning Manager.
A bachelor degree in local government (or another related field) and relevant experience is usually needed to work as a Policy and Planning Manager.
developing, implementing and monitoring strategic plans, programs, policies, processes, systems and procedures to achieve goals, objectives and work standards
developing, implementing, administering and participating in policy research and analysis
coordinating the implementation of policies and practices
establishing activity measures and measurements of accountability
overseeing and participating in the development of policy documents and reports
consulting with and providing expert advice to government officials and board members on policy, program and legislative issues
representing the organisation in negotiations, and at conventions, seminars, public hearings and forums convened to discuss policy issues
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow moderately
- is likely to reach 28,000 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 86% of people employed as Policy and Planning Managers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 20 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.
More than half of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $2,831 per week, this is much higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $2,132
- 1 in 4 earn more than $4,219
Median hourly earnings are $76, this is much more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Policy and Planning Managers||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Policy and Planning Managers||All Jobs Average|
Around 85% of Policy and Planning Managers live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
The Australian Capital Territory has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Australian Capital Territory
- Melbourne - Inner
- Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby
- Sydney - City and Inner South
- Capital Region.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Policy and Planning Managers is 44 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 56% of the workforce. This is 8 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Policy and Planning Managers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||1.9||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A bachelor degree in local government (or another related field) and relevant experience is usually needed to work as a Policy and Planning Manager.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Public Sector and Business Services VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Policy and Planning Managers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||40.1||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||1.2||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Policy and Planning Managers who have strong people skills and can communicate clearly.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
82%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
79%Management of financial resources
Figuring out how money is needed to do something, and keeping track of the money that's being spent.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
77%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
73%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
71%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Talking to others.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
68%Management of material resources
Providing the right equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do work.
Reading work related information.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Using maths to solve problems.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
89%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
79%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
72%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
62%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
57%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
56%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
52%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
48%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
43%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
42%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
36%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
36%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
29%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Communicate by speaking.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
59%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
57%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
50%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
48%Speed of recognition
Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
88%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
87%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
86%Managing payments and orders
Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.
86%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
85%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
84%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
84%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
83%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
81%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
77%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
77%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
77%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
76%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
76%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
74%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
73%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
70%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
70%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
65%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
55%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Use electronic mail.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
98%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
98%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
98%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
97%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
96%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Work with people in a group or team.
94%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
89%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
87%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
87%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Work to strict deadlines.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
83%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
77%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
76%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-1011.00 - Chief Executives.