Psychiatrists diagnose, assess, treat and prevent human mental, emotional and behavioural disorders. Psychiatric Registrars training as Psychiatrists are included here.
Specialisations: Adolescent Psychiatrist, Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Child Psychiatrist, Forensic Psychiatrist, Geriatric Psychiatrist, Medical Psychotherapist.
Medical Practitioners need to undertake further training with the Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatrists to become a Psychiatrist.
assessing patients' mental and physical status to determine the nature and extent of mental, emotional and behavioural disorders
assessing patients' medical, psychiatric and psychological histories
examining patients to determine general physical condition
ordering laboratory tests, imaging, neuropsychological tests and other diagnostic procedures
examining the results of tests and examinations to determine the most appropriate forms of treatment
prescribing and administering medication, psychotherapy, and other physical treatments and rehabilitation programs
arranging admission to hospitals and providing in-patient treatment
consulting, supervising and working with other Medical Practitioners and Health Professionals
determining whether patients require involuntary treatment in accordance with relevant mental health acts
assisting courts and other statutory bodies in managing patients in legal and forensic settings
teaching medical students and registrars, and assessing their progress by administering tests
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow moderately
- is likely to reach 5,900 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 71% of people employed as Psychiatrists work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 5 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 45 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Median full-time earnings are $3,387 per week, this is much higher than weekly earnings for all jobs ($1,593).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Psychiatrists||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Most Psychiatrists work in the Health care and social assistance industry.
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2021.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Psychiatrists||All Jobs Average|
Around 80% of Psychiatrists live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Victoria has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - Inner
- Adelaide - Central and Hills
- Melbourne - Inner East
- Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby
- Brisbane Inner City.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Psychiatrists is 47 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 44% of the workforce. This is 4 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Psychiatrists||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||14.0||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Medical Practitioners need to undertake further training with the Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatrists to become a Psychiatrist.
Registration with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency is required.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Psychiatrists||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||64.8||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Psychiatrists who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Reading work related information.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Talking to others.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
61%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
61%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Looking for ways to help people.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Teaching people how to do something.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
55%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
96%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
83%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
71%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
70%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
64%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
59%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
53%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
49%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
46%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
39%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
36%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
22%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Communicate by speaking.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Read and understand written information.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
59%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
46%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
43%Speed of recognition
Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Do two or more things at the same time.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
87%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
84%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
84%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
83%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
83%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
81%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
74%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
72%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
71%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
70%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
70%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
67%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
67%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
67%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
63%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
62%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
61%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
61%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
54%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
100%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
97%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Use electronic mail.
Work with people in a group or team.
89%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
88%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
88%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
86%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
86%Angry or unpleasant people
Deal with unpleasant, angry, or rude people.
83%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
82%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
Work to strict deadlines.
78%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
78%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
76%Disease or infection
Be exposed to disease or infections.
76%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-1066.00 - Psychiatrists.