Truck Drivers (General)
Truck Drivers (General) drive heavy trucks requiring a specially endorsed class of licence, to transport bulky goods.
Specialisations: Cement Mixer Driver, Compactor Driver (Rubbish Collection), Haulpak Driver, Livestock Haulier, Logging Truck Driver, Road Train Driver, Tilt Tray Driver.
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as a Truck Driver (General). Although some workers have a certificate III or IV in driving operations.
Manoeuvres vehicles into position for loading and unloading.
Loads and unloads vehicles using lifting and tipping devices.
Observes safety requirements when loading and unloading vehicles.
Makes regular quality checks of vehicles to ensure they can be driven safely.
Estimates weights to comply with load limitations and ensure safe distribution of weight.
Ensures goods are stowed and securely covered to prevent loss and damage.
Verifies loading documents, checks condition of goods and obtain certification of deliveries.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Truck Drivers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 87% of people employed as Truck Drivers (General) work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 21 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 50 hours per week in their main job. This is 6 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Truck Drivers (General) work in industries like:
- Transport, postal and warehousing
- Electricity, gas, water and waste services
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Truck Drivers (General)||All Jobs Average|
Around 53% of Truck Drivers (General) live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - West
- Melbourne - South East
- Perth - South East
- Logan - Beaudesert
- Sydney - Outer West and Blue Mountains.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Truck Drivers (General) is 48 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 3% of the workforce. This is 45 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Truck Drivers (General)||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||5.1||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as a Truck Driver (General). Although some workers have a certificate III or IV in driving operations.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Transport and Logistics Training Package VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Truck Drivers (General)||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.5||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||42.1||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Truck Drivers who are reliable, provide good customer service and are well presented.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
50%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Reading work related information.
Talking to others.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
41%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Maintaining equipment and deciding what maintenance will be needed in the future.
39%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Fixing machines or systems.
Figuring out why a machine or system went wrong and working out what to do about it.
39%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
32%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Looking for ways to help people.
Teaching people how to do something.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
59%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
50%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
41%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
36%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
32%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
27%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
25%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
21%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
21%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
21%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
20%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
Quickly move your hand, finger, or foot when a sound, light, picture or something else appears.
See details that are far away.
Change when and how fast you move based on how something else is moving.
Quickly choose the right movement of the hand, foot, or other body part when there are two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures).
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Know where things are around you.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
45%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Decide which thing is closer or further away from you, or decide how far away it is.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Tell the difference between sounds.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
See under low light conditions.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
71%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
69%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
68%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
63%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
63%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
63%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
62%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
61%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
61%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
61%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
60%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
60%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
59%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
58%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
57%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
55%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
54%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
53%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
52%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
50%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
94%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
88%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
Work to strict deadlines.
86%Very hot or cold temperatures
Work in very hot or cold temperatures.
Talk on the telephone.
82%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
82%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
81%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
81%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
Talk with people face-to-face.
80%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
79%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
79%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
78%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
78%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
75%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
74%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
73%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
67%Bright or inadequate lighting
Work in extremely bright or dark lighting conditions.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 53-3032.00 - Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.