Architects and Landscape Architects
Architects and Landscape Architects design commercial, industrial, institutional, residential and recreational buildings and landscapes.
obtaining advice from clients and management to determine type, style and size of planned buildings and alterations to existing buildings
providing information regarding designs, materials and estimated building times
preparing project documentation, including sketches and scale drawings, and integrating structural, mechanical and aesthetic elements in final designs
writing specifications and contract documents for use by builders and calling tenders on behalf of clients
consulting with Professionals and clients about external area designs, costs and construction
compiling and analysing site and community data about geographical and ecological features, landforms, soils, vegetation, site hydrology, visual characteristics and human-made structures, to formulate land use and development recommendations, and for preparing environmental impact statements
preparing reports, site plans, working drawings, specifications and cost estimates for land development, showing location and details of proposals, including ground modelling, structures, vegetation and access
inspecting construction work in progress to ensure compliance with plans, specifications and quality standards
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow very strongly
- is likely to reach 30,800 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 81% of people employed as Architects and Landscape Architects work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 15 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 45 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
More than half of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $1,827 per week, this is much higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,347
- 1 in 4 earn more than $2,038
Median hourly earnings are $48, this is more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Architects and Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Most Architects and Landscape Architects work in the Professional, scientific and technical services industry. They are also employed in industries like:
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2021.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Architects and Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
Around 86% of Architects and Landscape Architects live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Victoria and New South Wales have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Architects and Landscape Architects is 39 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 34% of the workforce. This is 14 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Architects and Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||6.1||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A bachelor degree in architectural design or landscape architecture is usually needed to work as an Architect or Landscape Architect. Many workers have a postgraduate qualification.
Registration or licencing may be required.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Architects and Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||35.1||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.1||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Architects and Landscape Architects who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Reading work related information.
64%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Using maths to solve problems.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
59%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
59%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Talking to others.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
52%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
46%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
82%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
73%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
72%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
68%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
64%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
61%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
59%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
59%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
57%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
54%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
53%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
See details that are far away.
61%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Read and understand written information.
61%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Write in a way that people can understand.
57%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
84%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
81%Drafting, laying out, and specifying parts
Detailing and describing how devices, parts or equipment are to be made, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
79%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
78%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
78%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
78%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
76%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
76%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
75%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
75%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
74%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
73%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
73%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
71%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
67%Managing payments and orders
Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.
67%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
65%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
60%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
58%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Use electronic mail.
99%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
89%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Work with people in a group or team.
87%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
87%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
87%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
81%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
81%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
Work to strict deadlines.
78%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
73%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
69%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
67%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
67%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
66%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-1011.00 - Architects, Except Landscape and Naval.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.