Cardiologists investigate, diagnose and treat diseases of the human heart.
Examines patients to determine the nature and extent of problems after referral from general medical practitioners and other medical specialists, and undertakes laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures.
Analyses test results and other medical information to make diagnoses.
Prescribes and administers drugs, as well as remedial and therapeutic treatment and procedures.
Records medical information and data.
Reports specified contagious and notifiable diseases to government health and immigration authorities.
May admit or refer patients to hospitals.
May consult other medical specialists.
- 253311 Specialist Physicians (General Medicine)
- 253312 Cardiologists
- 253313 Clinical Haematologists
- 253314 Medical Oncologists
- 253315 Endocrinologists
- 253316 Gastroenterologists
- 253317 Intensive Care Specialists
- 253318 Neurologists
- 253321 Paediatricians
- 253322 Renal Medicine Specialists
- 253323 Rheumatologists
- 253324 Thoracic Medicine Specialists
- 253399 Other Specialist Physicians
The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Specialist Physicians, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 87% of people employed as Cardiologists work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 21 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 53 hours per week in their main job. This is 9 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most Cardiologists work in the Health care and social assistance industry.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Cardiologists||All Jobs Average|
Around 82% of Cardiologists live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - Inner East
- Melbourne - Inner
- Adelaide - Central and Hills
- Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby
- Sydney - Eastern Suburbs.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Cardiologists is 47 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 16% of the workforce. This is 32 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Cardiologists||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||10.9||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Medical practitioners need to undertake a fellowship with the Royal Australasian College of Physicians to become a Cardiologist.
Registration with the Medical Board of Australia is required.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Cardiologists||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||53.1||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Specialist Physicians who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
61%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Talking to others.
59%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Looking for ways to help people.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Teaching people how to do something.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
48%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
46%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
90%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
86%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
81%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
67%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
66%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
60%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
58%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
49%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
49%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
48%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
44%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
38%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
27%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Communicate by speaking.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Read and understand written information.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
57%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
54%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Do two or more things at the same time.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
91%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
91%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
87%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
81%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
80%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
79%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
79%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
78%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
77%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
77%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
76%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
73%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
72%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
71%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
70%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
69%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
68%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
68%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
51%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
100%Disease or infection
Be exposed to disease or infections.
Talk with people face-to-face.
98%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Talk on the telephone.
95%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
94%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
92%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
91%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
90%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
88%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Use electronic mail.
84%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
84%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
Work to strict deadlines.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
75%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
73%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
Work with people in a group or team.
71%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-1063.00 - Internists, General.