Cardiologists

ANZSCO ID 253312

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
810
Future Growth
N/A
Weekly Earnings
N/A
Full-Time Share
87%
Female Share
16%
Average age
47

Summary

Cardiologists investigate, diagnose and treat diseases of the human heart.

Tasks

  • Examines patients to determine the nature and extent of problems after referral from general medical practitioners and other medical specialists, and undertakes laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures.

  • Analyses test results and other medical information to make diagnoses.

  • Prescribes and administers drugs, as well as remedial and therapeutic treatment and procedures.

  • Records medical information and data.

  • Reports specified contagious and notifiable diseases to government health and immigration authorities.

  • May admit or refer patients to hospitals.

  • May consult other medical specialists.


Outlook

Employment Outlook

The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Specialist Physicians, under the outlook section.


Earnings and hours

Working arrangements

  • Around 87% of people employed as Cardiologists work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 21 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).

    Full-time workers work an average of 53 hours per week in their main job. This is 9 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).

    Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.


Industries

Main industries

1
Health Care and Social Assistance
97.2%
2
Public Administration and Safety
1.1%
3
Education and Training
0.6%
4
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
0.5%

Regions

Employment across Australia

NSW

31.1% All occupations: 31.6%

VIC

26.3% All occupations: 25.6%

QLD

20.5% All occupations: 20.0%

SA

9.3% All occupations: 7.0%

WA

9.5% All occupations: 10.8%

TAS

1.6% All occupations: 2.0%

NT

0.5% All occupations: 1.0%

ACT

1.3% All occupations: 1.9%

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

State Cardiologists All Jobs Average
NSW 31.1 31.6
VIC 26.3 25.6
QLD 20.5 20.0
SA 9.3 7.0
WA 9.5 10.8
TAS 1.6 2.0
NT 0.5 1.0
ACT 1.3 1.9



Worker profile

Age and gender

Age In Years
47
All Jobs Average is 40
Female Share
16%
All Jobs Average is 48%
  • The median age of Cardiologists is 47 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.

    A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.

    Females make up 16% of the workforce. This is 32 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age Bracket Cardiologists All Jobs Average
15-19 0.0 5.0
20-24 0.0 9.3
25-34 10.0 22.9
35-44 33.2 22.0
45-54 29.7 21.6
55-59 9.6 9.0
60-64 6.7 6.0
65 and Over 10.9 4.2
Median Age 47 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Employment Pathways

Education, training and experience

Medical practitioners need to undertake a fellowship with the Royal Australasian College of Physicians to become a Cardiologist.

Registration with the Medical Board of Australia is required.

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  • ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of Qualification Cardiologists All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 53.1 10.1
Bachelor degree 46.5 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 0.4 11.6
Certificate III/IV 0.0 21.1
Year 12 0.0 18.1
Year 11 0.0 4.8
Year 10 and below 0.0 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.


Skills and Knowledge

Employers look for Specialist Physicians who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  • 71%

    Reading comprehension

    Reading work related information.

  • 66%

    Critical thinking

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  • 63%

    Science

    Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

  • 63%

    Active learning

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  • 63%

    Writing

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  • 61%

    Active listening

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  • 61%

    Judgment and decision making

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  • 61%

    Speaking

    Talking to others.

  • 59%

    Complex problem solving

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  • 59%

    Social perceptiveness

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  • 55%

    Monitoring

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  • 52%

    Serving others

    Looking for ways to help people.

  • 52%

    Learning strategies

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  • 50%

    Systems evaluation

    Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

  • 50%

    Instructing

    Teaching people how to do something.

  • 50%

    Persuasion

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  • 48%

    Systems analysis

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  • 48%

    Coordination with others

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  • 48%

    Time management

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  • 46%

    Management of personnel resources

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.


Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  • 90%

    Medicine and dentistry

    Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.

  • 87%

    Psychology

    Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

  • 86%

    Customer and personal service

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  • 81%

    Therapy and counselling

    Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.

  • 79%

    English language

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • 67%

    Education and training

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • 66%

    Sociology and anthropology

    Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

  • 63%

    Biology

    Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.

  • 60%

    Administration and management

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  • 58%

    Computers and electronics

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • 53%

    Chemistry

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

  • 51%

    Clerical

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  • 49%

    Personnel and human resources

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  • 49%

    Public safety and security

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  • 48%

    Law and government

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  • 44%

    Mathematics

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  • 44%

    Economics and accounting

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  • 38%

    Philosophy and theology

    Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.

  • 28%

    Physics

    The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.

  • 27%

    Communications and media

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.


Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities..

  • 80%

    Inductive reasoning

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  • 79%

    Problem spotting

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  • 73%

    Oral expression

    Communicate by speaking.

  • 71%

    Oral comprehension

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  • 71%

    Written comprehension

    Read and understand written information.

  • 68%

    Deductive reasoning

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  • 64%

    Written expression

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  • 57%

    Categorising

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  • 57%

    Sorting or ordering

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • 55%

    Near vision

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  • 55%

    Speech recognition

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  • 55%

    Brainstorming

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  • 54%

    Speech clarity

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  • 54%

    Flexibility of closure

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  • 50%

    Originality

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  • 45%

    Mathematics

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  • 45%

    Perceptual speed

    Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

  • 43%

    Finger dexterity

    Put together small parts with your fingers.

  • 43%

    Selective attention

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  • 41%

    Multitasking

    Do two or more things at the same time.


Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  • 91%

    Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  • 91%

    Making decisions and solving problems

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  • 87%

    Helping and caring for others

    Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.

  • 81%

    Researching and investigating

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  • 80%

    Making sense of information and ideas

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  • 79%

    Monitoring people, processes and things

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  • 79%

    Collecting and organising information

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  • 78%

    Documenting or recording information

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  • 77%

    Working with the public

    Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.

  • 77%

    Looking for changes over time

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  • 76%

    Planning and prioritising work

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  • 73%

    Scheduling work and activities

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  • 72%

    Building good relationships

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  • 71%

    Communicating within a team

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 70%

    Coming up with systems and processes

    Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  • 69%

    Giving expert advice

    Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.

  • 68%

    Checking compliance with standards

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

  • 68%

    Explaining things to people

    Helping people to understand and use information.

  • 66%

    Thinking creatively

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  • 51%

    Working with computers

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.


Interests and demands

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  • 95%

    Analytical

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  • 76%

    Helping

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

  • 62%

    Practical

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  • 52%

    Enterprising

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  • 38%

    Administrative

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  • 29%

    Creative

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.


Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
  • 90%

    Achievement

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  • 90%

    Independence

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  • 90%

    Recognition

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  • 90%

    Relationships

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  • 86%

    Working conditions

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  • 76%

    Support

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.


Demands

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:
  • 100%

    Disease or infection

    Be exposed to disease or infections.

  • 100%

    Face-to-face discussions

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  • 98%

    Freedom to make decisions

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  • 97%

    Unstructured work

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  • 96%

    Telephone

    Talk on the telephone.

  • 95%

    Being exact or accurate

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  • 94%

    Contact with people

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  • 92%

    Frequent decision making

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  • 91%

    Physically close to people

    Work physically close to other people.

  • 90%

    Impact of decisions

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  • 88%

    Letters and memos

    Write letters and memos.

  • 86%

    Electronic mail

    Use electronic mail.

  • 84%

    Indoors, heat controlled

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  • 84%

    Health and safety of others

    Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.

  • 82%

    Time pressure

    Work to strict deadlines.

  • 80%

    Competition

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  • 75%

    Lead or coordinate a team

    Lead others to do work activities.

  • 73%

    Spend time standing

    Spend time standing at work.

  • 72%

    Teamwork

    Work with people in a group or team.

  • 71%

    Responsible for outcomes

    Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-1063.00 - Internists, General.


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