Child Carers

ANZSCO ID 4211

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
136,100
Future Growth
5.9%
Weekly Earnings
$1,059
Full-Time Share
47%
Female Share
95%
Average age
33

Summary

Child Carers provide care and supervision for children in residential homes and non-residential childcare centres.

Tasks

  • assisting in the preparation of materials and equipment for children's education and recreational activities

  • managing children's behaviour and guiding children's social development

  • preparing and conducting activities for children

  • entertaining children by reading and playing games

  • supervising children in recreational activities

  • supervising the daily routine of children

  • supervising the hygiene of children

Characteristics

Job Type
Community And Personal Service Workers
Skill Level
Medium skill
ANZSCO Occupation group
Unemployment Rate
Above average
Industries
Pathway(s)
  • Vocational Education and Training (VET)
  • Informal or on-the-job
Interests
  • Creative
  • Helping
Physical Demand
  • Sedentary
  • Light
  • Medium

Outlook

Employment Outlook

JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:

  • is expected to grow moderately
  • is likely to reach 142,100 by 2026.

Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.

Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.

Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.

Projected Change
5.9%
(or 7,900 jobs)
From
134,200
in 2021
To
142,100
in 2026

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Year Employment
2011 108,800
2012 116,600
2013 131,300
2014 125,200
2015 148,100
2016 135,700
2017 165,700
2018 144,100
2019 139,000
2020 129,800
2021 134,200
2026 142,100

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.


Earnings and hours

Working arrangements

  • Around 47% of people employed as Child Carers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 19 percentage points below the all jobs average (66%).

    Full-time workers work an average of 41 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).

    Median full-time earnings are $1,059 per week, this is much lower than the all jobs median ($1,593):

    • 3 in 4 workers earn more than $973
    • 1 in 4 earn more than $1,210

    Median hourly earnings are $28, this is lower than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).

    Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Earnings Child Carers All Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings 1,059 1,593
Total Earnings 0 0

Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.


Industries

Main industries

1
Health Care and Social Assistance
65.8%
2
Education and Training
27.6%
3
Other Services
3.3%
4
Arts and Recreation Services
1.1%
5
Other industries
2.1%

Regions

Employment across Australia

NSW

33.4% All occupations: 31.6%

VIC

26.6% All occupations: 25.6%

QLD

20.9% All occupations: 20.0%

SA

6.5% All occupations: 7.0%

WA

7.5% All occupations: 10.8%

TAS

1.7% All occupations: 2.0%

NT

1.0% All occupations: 1.0%

ACT

2.5% All occupations: 1.9%

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

State Child Carers All Jobs Average
NSW 33.4 31.6
VIC 26.6 25.6
QLD 20.9 20.0
SA 6.5 7.0
WA 7.5 10.8
TAS 1.7 2.0
NT 1.0 1.0
ACT 2.5 1.9



Worker profile

Age and gender

Age In Years
33
All Jobs Average is 40
Female Share
95%
All Jobs Average is 48%
  • The median age of Child Carers is 33 years. This is younger than the all jobs average of 40 years.

    A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.

    Females make up 95% of the workforce. This is 47 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age Bracket Child Carers All Jobs Average
15-19 7.1 5.0
20-24 19.5 9.3
25-34 26.7 22.9
35-44 20.4 22.0
45-54 16.0 21.6
55-59 5.6 9.0
60-64 3.3 6.0
65 and Over 1.4 4.2
Median Age 33 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Employment Pathways

Education, training and experience

A certificate III in early childhood education and care is usually needed to work as a Child Carer. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship.

Visit

  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Community Services VET training pathways.

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of Qualification Child Carers All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 8.9 10.1
Bachelor degree 11.7 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 31.8 11.6
Certificate III/IV 25.6 21.1
Year 12 14.9 18.1
Year 11 2.2 4.8
Year 10 and below 4.9 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.


Skills and Knowledge

Employers look for Child Carers who are caring, compassionate, empathetic, and interact well with others.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  • 50%

    Social perceptiveness

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  • 48%

    Critical thinking

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  • 48%

    Monitoring

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  • 46%

    Active listening

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  • 46%

    Speaking

    Talking to others.

  • 45%

    Coordination with others

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  • 45%

    Judgment and decision making

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  • 45%

    Serving others

    Looking for ways to help people.

  • 45%

    Active learning

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  • 45%

    Learning strategies

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  • 45%

    Time management

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  • 43%

    Instructing

    Teaching people how to do something.

  • 43%

    Reading comprehension

    Reading work related information.

  • 43%

    Writing

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  • 41%

    Negotiation

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  • 41%

    Persuasion

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  • 39%

    Complex problem solving

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  • 34%

    Management of personnel resources

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  • 32%

    Systems analysis

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  • 29%

    Mathematics

    Using maths to solve problems.


Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  • 55%

    Customer and personal service

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  • 44%

    Education and training

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • 42%

    Psychology

    Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

  • 37%

    Clerical

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  • 33%

    English language

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • 31%

    Administration and management

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  • 29%

    Therapy and counselling

    Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.

  • 25%

    Public safety and security

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  • 24%

    Personnel and human resources

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  • 23%

    Sales and marketing

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  • 22%

    Sociology and anthropology

    Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

  • 21%

    Economics and accounting

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  • 21%

    Communications and media

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  • 20%

    Computers and electronics

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • 19%

    Mathematics

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  • 19%

    Medicine and dentistry

    Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.

  • 17%

    Transportation

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

  • 16%

    Philosophy and theology

    Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.

  • 15%

    Law and government

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  • 11%

    Foreign language

    Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.


Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities..

  • 54%

    Oral comprehension

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  • 50%

    Oral expression

    Communicate by speaking.

  • 50%

    Problem spotting

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  • 48%

    Speech clarity

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  • 48%

    Speech recognition

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  • 48%

    Written comprehension

    Read and understand written information.

  • 46%

    Sorting or ordering

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • 46%

    Written expression

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  • 46%

    Inductive reasoning

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  • 45%

    Near vision

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  • 45%

    Selective attention

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  • 45%

    Categorising

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  • 45%

    Deductive reasoning

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  • 45%

    Far vision

    See details that are far away.

  • 43%

    Originality

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  • 41%

    Brainstorming

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  • 39%

    Arm-hand steadiness

    Keep your hand or arm steady.

  • 39%

    Flexibility of closure

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  • 39%

    Multitasking

    Do two or more things at the same time.

  • 36%

    Memorization

    Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.


Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  • 73%

    Helping and caring for others

    Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.

  • 65%

    Building good relationships

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  • 60%

    Communicating within a team

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 59%

    Doing physically active work

    Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.

  • 55%

    Handling and moving objects

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.

  • 54%

    Monitoring people, processes and things

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  • 51%

    Planning and prioritising work

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  • 51%

    Thinking creatively

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  • 50%

    Negotiating and resolving conflicts

    Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.

  • 49%

    Making decisions and solving problems

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  • 46%

    Communicating with the public

    Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 44%

    Training and teaching others

    Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.

  • 43%

    Documenting or recording information

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  • 42%

    Coaching and developing others

    Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.

  • 42%

    Coordinating the work of a team

    Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.

  • 39%

    Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  • 39%

    Checking for errors or defects

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

  • 36%

    Researching and investigating

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  • 35%

    Looking for changes over time

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  • 31%

    Checking compliance with standards

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.


Interests and demands

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  • 100%

    Helping

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

  • 71%

    Creative

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  • 48%

    Administrative

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  • 43%

    Enterprising

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  • 38%

    Practical

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  • 24%

    Analytical

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.


Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
  • 86%

    Relationships

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  • 57%

    Independence

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  • 57%

    Support

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

  • 48%

    Achievement

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  • 40%

    Working conditions

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  • 38%

    Recognition

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.


Demands

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:
  • 97%

    Teamwork

    Work with people in a group or team.

  • 92%

    Contact with people

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  • 92%

    Face-to-face discussions

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  • 91%

    Physically close to people

    Work physically close to other people.

  • 85%

    Indoors, heat controlled

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  • 82%

    Freedom to make decisions

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  • 81%

    Telephone

    Talk on the telephone.

  • 78%

    Lead or coordinate a team

    Lead others to do work activities.

  • 78%

    Unstructured work

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  • 77%

    Health and safety of others

    Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.

  • 75%

    Letters and memos

    Write letters and memos.

  • 75%

    Loud or uncomfortable sounds

    Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

  • 72%

    Outdoors, exposed to weather

    Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

  • 70%

    Frequent decision making

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  • 69%

    Consequence of error

    Work where mistakes have serious consequences.

  • 69%

    Disease or infection

    Be exposed to disease or infections.

  • 64%

    Being exact or accurate

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  • 64%

    Responsible for outcomes

    Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.

  • 64%

    Impact of decisions

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  • 63%

    Spend time standing

    Spend time standing at work.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 39-9011.00 - Childcare Workers.


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