Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians

ANZSCO ID 3122

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
13,500
Future Growth
1%
Weekly Earnings
$1,730
Full-Time Share
89%
Female Share
14%
Average age
39

Summary

Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians assist in civil engineering research, design, construction, operations and maintenance.

Tasks

  • preparing sketches, charts, tabulations, plans and designs for civil engineering works such as drainage, water supply, sewerage reticulation systems, roads, airports, dams, bridges and other structures

  • performing and directing fieldwork and laboratory testing

  • interpreting work assignment instructions, applying appropriate procedures and selecting equipment

  • collecting and analysing data, and carrying out computations

  • estimating material costs and ensuring finished works are within specifications, regulations and contract provisions

  • inspecting civil engineering works, and organising and supervising maintenance and repair work

  • conducting field and laboratory tests of construction materials and soils, and collecting data for traffic surveys

Characteristics

Job Type
Technicians And Trades Workers
Skill Level
High skill
ANZSCO Occupation group
Unemployment Rate
Average
Industries
Pathway(s)
  • University
  • Vocational Education and Training (VET)
  • Informal or on-the-job
Interests
  • Practical
  • Analytical
  • Administrative
Physical Demand
  • Light
  • Medium

Outlook

Employment Outlook

The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers in this occupation is likely to remain stable.

Source: National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.

Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.

Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.

Projected Change
1%
(or 300 jobs)
From
25,400
in 2021
To
25,700
in 2026

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Year Employment
2011 9,700
2012 12,900
2013 12,800
2014 10,500
2015 7,100
2016 16,400
2017 11,700
2018 5,800
2019 12,800
2020 11,300
2021 25,400
2026 25,700

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.


Earnings and hours

Working arrangements

  • Around 89% of people employed as Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 23 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).

    Full-time workers work an average of 42 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).

    Median full-time earnings are $1,730 per week, this is higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):

    • 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,358
    • 1 in 4 earn more than $2,042

    Median hourly earnings are $44, this is more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).

    Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Earnings Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians All Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings 1,730 1,593
Total Earnings 0 0

Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.


Industries

Main industries

1
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
63.4%
2
Construction
9.0%
3
Manufacturing
8.3%
4
Public Administration and Safety
7.6%
5
Other industries
11.0%

Regions

Employment across Australia

NSW

24.9% All occupations: 31.6%

VIC

18.8% All occupations: 25.6%

QLD

31.3% All occupations: 20.0%

SA

6.5% All occupations: 7.0%

WA

13.9% All occupations: 10.8%

TAS

2.0% All occupations: 2.0%

NT

1.1% All occupations: 1.0%

ACT

1.6% All occupations: 1.9%

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

State Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians All Jobs Average
NSW 24.9 31.6
VIC 18.8 25.6
QLD 31.3 20.0
SA 6.5 7.0
WA 13.9 10.8
TAS 2.0 2.0
NT 1.1 1.0
ACT 1.6 1.9


  • Around 43% of Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.

    Queensland and Western Australia have a large share of employment relative to their population size.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Worker profile

Age and gender

Age In Years
39
All Jobs Average is 40
Female Share
14%
All Jobs Average is 48%
  • The median age of Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians is 39 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.

    A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.

    Females make up 14% of the workforce. This is 34 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age Bracket Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians All Jobs Average
15-19 1.4 5.0
20-24 7.0 9.3
25-34 29.4 22.9
35-44 25.2 22.0
45-54 19.5 21.6
55-59 8.2 9.0
60-64 6.1 6.0
65 and Over 3.2 4.2
Median Age 39 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Employment Pathways

Education, training and experience

A formal qualification in civil engineering (or another relevant field) and experience working with drafting software is usually needed to work as a Civil Engineering Draftsperson or Technician. Vocational Education and Training (VET) and university are both common study pathways.

Visit

  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Resources and Infrastructure Industry VET training pathways.

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of Qualification Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 4.4 10.1
Bachelor degree 17.0 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 38.6 11.6
Certificate III/IV 21.0 21.1
Year 12 13.1 18.1
Year 11 2.1 4.8
Year 10 and below 3.8 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.


Skills and Knowledge

Employers look for Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians who interact well with others, are reliable and provide good customer service.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  • 55%

    Mathematics

    Using maths to solve problems.

  • 55%

    Reading comprehension

    Reading work related information.

  • 50%

    Writing

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  • 48%

    Speaking

    Talking to others.

  • 46%

    Active listening

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  • 46%

    Critical thinking

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  • 46%

    Active learning

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  • 46%

    Complex problem solving

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  • 46%

    Monitoring

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  • 46%

    Operations analysis

    Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.

  • 43%

    Judgment and decision making

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  • 43%

    Quality control analysis

    Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.

  • 43%

    Time management

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  • 43%

    Systems analysis

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  • 41%

    Coordination with others

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  • 41%

    Social perceptiveness

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  • 41%

    Instructing

    Teaching people how to do something.

  • 41%

    Management of personnel resources

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  • 36%

    Negotiation

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  • 36%

    Serving others

    Looking for ways to help people.


Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  • 82%

    Technical design

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  • 69%

    Engineering and technology

    Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  • 68%

    Mathematics

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  • 63%

    English language

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • 61%

    Computers and electronics

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • 55%

    Building and construction

    Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

  • 55%

    Geography

    Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

  • 52%

    Clerical

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  • 49%

    Customer and personal service

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  • 43%

    Education and training

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • 40%

    Physics

    The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.

  • 37%

    Production and processing

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  • 36%

    Public safety and security

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  • 35%

    Communications and media

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  • 34%

    Law and government

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  • 33%

    Mechanical

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  • 33%

    Administration and management

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  • 28%

    Chemistry

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

  • 27%

    Transportation

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

  • 22%

    Telecommunications

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.


Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities..

  • 55%

    Near vision

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  • 55%

    Oral comprehension

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  • 55%

    Written expression

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  • 54%

    Oral expression

    Communicate by speaking.

  • 54%

    Written comprehension

    Read and understand written information.

  • 54%

    Visualization

    Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.

  • 52%

    Sorting or ordering

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • 52%

    Categorising

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  • 48%

    Problem spotting

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  • 48%

    Inductive reasoning

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  • 48%

    Working with numbers

    Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

  • 46%

    Mathematics

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  • 46%

    Deductive reasoning

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  • 45%

    Selective attention

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  • 45%

    Speech clarity

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  • 45%

    Speech recognition

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  • 43%

    Far vision

    See details that are far away.

  • 43%

    Flexibility of closure

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  • 41%

    Brainstorming

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  • 37%

    Finger dexterity

    Put together small parts with your fingers.


Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  • 85%

    Drafting, laying out, and specifying parts

    Detailing and describing how devices, parts or equipment are to be made, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

  • 77%

    Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  • 67%

    Communicating within a team

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 65%

    Working with computers

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  • 65%

    Building good relationships

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  • 63%

    Planning and prioritising work

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  • 62%

    Documenting or recording information

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  • 61%

    Collecting and organising information

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  • 61%

    Thinking creatively

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  • 60%

    Making decisions and solving problems

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  • 59%

    Researching and investigating

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  • 59%

    Communicating with the public

    Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 56%

    Making sense of information and ideas

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  • 52%

    Checking compliance with standards

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

  • 50%

    Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

  • 49%

    Looking for changes over time

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  • 48%

    Coming up with systems and processes

    Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  • 48%

    Leading and encouraging a team

    Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

  • 46%

    Scheduling work and activities

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  • 41%

    Explaining things to people

    Helping people to understand and use information.


Interests and demands

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  • 90%

    Practical

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  • 86%

    Administrative

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  • 57%

    Analytical

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  • 52%

    Creative

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  • 29%

    Enterprising

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  • 19%

    Helping

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.


Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
  • 62%

    Support

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

  • 52%

    Independence

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  • 52%

    Recognition

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  • 52%

    Working conditions

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  • 48%

    Achievement

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  • 38%

    Relationships

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.


Demands

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:
  • 94%

    Electronic mail

    Use electronic mail.

  • 92%

    Face-to-face discussions

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  • 91%

    Being exact or accurate

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  • 90%

    Spend time sitting

    Spend time sitting at work.

  • 90%

    Teamwork

    Work with people in a group or team.

  • 85%

    Telephone

    Talk on the telephone.

  • 83%

    Indoors, heat controlled

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  • 80%

    Repeating same tasks

    Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.

  • 79%

    Contact with people

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  • 79%

    Time pressure

    Work to strict deadlines.

  • 73%

    Making repetitive motions

    Spend time making repetitive motions.

  • 70%

    Letters and memos

    Write letters and memos.

  • 68%

    Freedom to make decisions

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  • 67%

    Unstructured work

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  • 65%

    Lead or coordinate a team

    Lead others to do work activities.

  • 64%

    Impact of decisions

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  • 63%

    Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

    Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

  • 62%

    Competition

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  • 60%

    Physically close to people

    Work physically close to other people.

  • 58%

    Frequent decision making

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-3011.02 - Civil Drafters.


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