Clinical Coders assign codes to narrative descriptions of patients' diseases, operations and procedures in accordance with recognised classification systems to allow for easy storage, retrieval and analysis of health data.
Types information from documents into a computer.
Analyses and determines classifications.
Reviews information received for accuracy and correctness.
Contacts providers and various other sources to obtain information required to resolve discrepancies.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Other Clerical & Administrative Workers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 56% of people employed as Clinical Coders work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 10 percentage points below the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 41 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most Clinical Coders work in the Health care and social assistance industry.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Clinical Coders||All Jobs Average|
Around 43% of Clinical Coders live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Queensland and Western Australia have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Clinical Coders is 50 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 93% of the workforce. This is 45 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Clinical Coders||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||4.8||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A formal qualification in health or information management is usually needed to work as a Clinical Coder. University and Vocational Education and Training (VET) are both common study pathways.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Property Services VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Clinical Coders||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||9.8||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||4.8||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Clerical and Administrative Workers who have good computer skills, can communicate clearly and can interact with a variety of people.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Talking to others.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
37%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
37%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Looking for ways to help people.
Teaching people how to do something.
32%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
30%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Using maths to solve problems.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
45%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
42%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
37%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
30%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
28%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
27%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
27%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
22%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
18%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
13%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
13%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
11%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
8%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Read and understand written information.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
45%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
See details that are far away.
36%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
72%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
72%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
69%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
66%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
63%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
63%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
61%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
57%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
53%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
53%Providing office support
Doing day-to-day office work such as filing and processing paperwork.
51%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
50%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
48%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
48%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
46%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
34%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
33%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
29%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
27%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
94%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
91%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
88%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
87%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
Work with people in a group or team.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Use electronic mail.
79%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Work to strict deadlines.
77%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
76%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
74%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
70%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
63%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
63%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
62%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
62%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
61%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-2071.00 - Medical Records and Health Information Technicians.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.