Concreters pour, spread, smooth and finish concrete for structures such as floors, stairs, ramps, footpaths and bridges.
Also known as: Concrete Worker.
Formal qualifications are not usually required to work as a Concreter. Some workers have a certificate II or III in concreting.
erecting concrete form work and laying steel reinforcing
pouring, spreading and levelling concrete using screeds and templates
tamping, smoothing, shaping and sealing concrete
operating trowelling machines to float, trowel and polish concrete surfaces
forming expansion joints and edges using edging tools, jointers and straight edges
installing fixtures in concrete such as anchor bolts, steel plates and door sills
wetting concrete and rubbing with abrasives to finish vertical surfaces
covering concrete with plastic sheeting and sand to cure it
cutting lines in concrete using power cutters
may cover freshly poured concrete with colouring powders and other materials
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers in this occupation is likely to remain stable.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 79% of people employed as Concreters work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 13 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 45 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Median full-time earnings are $1,725 per week, this is higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,355
- 1 in 4 earn more than $2,175
Median hourly earnings are $41, this is the same as the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Concreters||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Concreters||All Jobs Average|
Around 51% of Concreters live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Queensland has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Concreters is 36 years. This is younger than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 1% of the workforce. This is 47 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Concreters||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||2.2||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not usually required to work as a Concreter. Some workers have a certificate II or III in concreting.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Concreters||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.2||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||31.1||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Concreters who are hardworking, can work independently and are physically fit.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
48%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Using maths to solve problems.
39%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
37%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
37%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Talking to others.
Teaching people how to do something.
34%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
32%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Reading work related information.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Looking for ways to help people.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
62%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
54%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
49%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
43%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
42%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
42%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
38%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
27%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
26%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
26%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
19%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
See details that are far away.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Communicate by speaking.
41%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Exercise for a long time without getting winded or out of breath.
Decide which thing is closer or further away from you, or decide how far away it is.
Exercise for a long time without your muscles getting tired.
41%Speed of limb movement
Quickly move the arms and legs.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
71%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
63%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
61%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
58%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
57%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
56%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
55%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
55%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
52%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
52%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
51%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
49%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
48%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
48%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
48%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
46%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
46%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
45%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
44%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
100%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
100%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
95%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
89%Very hot or cold temperatures
Work in very hot or cold temperatures.
87%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
Work near dangerous equipment like saws, machinery with open moving parts, or moving traffic.
86%Walking and running
Spend time walking and running.
83%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
80%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
79%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
Work with people in a group or team.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
Talk on the telephone.
Work to strict deadlines.
77%Bending or twisting your body
Spend time bending or twisting your body.
Talk with people face-to-face.
75%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
75%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
74%Kneeling, crouching, stooping, or crawling
Spend time kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling.
73%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2051.00 - Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers.