Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security
Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists plan, develop, maintain, manage and administer organisations' database management systems, operating systems and security policies and procedures to ensure optimal database and system integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.
designing and maintaining database architecture, data structures, tables, dictionaries and naming conventions to ensure the accuracy and completeness of all data master files
performing the operational establishment and preventive maintenance of backups, recovery procedures, and enforcing security and integrity controls
implementing and administering database documentation, guidelines, policies and procedures
testing database systems and upgrades, such as debugging, tracking, reproduction, logging and resolving all identified problems, according to approved quality testing scripts, procedures and processes
accepting responsibility for the processes, procedures and operational management associated with system security and disaster recovery planning
liaising with security vendors, suppliers, service providers and external resources; analysing, recommending, installing and maintaining software security applications; and monitoring contractual obligations, performance delivery and service level agreements
troubleshooting and providing service support in diagnosing, resolving and repairing server-related hardware and software malfunctions, encompassing workstations and communication infrastructure
preparing and maintaining documentation, policies and instructions, and recording and detailing operational procedures and system logs
ensuring that the design of computer sites allows all components to fit together and work properly, and monitoring and adjusting the performance of networks
continually surveying the current computer site to determine future network needs and making recommendations for enhancements in the implementation of future servers and networks
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow very strongly
- is likely to reach 104,000 by 2026.
Source: National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 89% of people employed as Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 23 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 41 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
More than a third of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $2,342 per week, this is much higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,840
- 1 in 4 earn more than $2,905
Median hourly earnings are $62, this is much more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security||All Jobs Average|
Around 82% of Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
The Australian Capital Territory has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Database and Systems Administrators & ICT Security is 40 years. This is the same as the all jobs average.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 21% of the workforce. This is 27 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||1.4||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A bachelor or postgraduate degree in a related information technology field (such as database design, network security, systems administration or networking) is usually needed to work as a Database or Systems Administrator, or ICT Security Specialist. Some workers have Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualifications. There are also a wide range of vendor and industry certifications available that may substitute for formal qualifications.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Information and Communications Technology VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||18.1||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||2.4||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer literacy.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
57%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
57%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Writing computer programs.
Talking to others.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Teaching people how to do something.
50%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Using maths to solve problems.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
74%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
55%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
52%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
46%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
46%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
43%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
39%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
36%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
33%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
32%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
32%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
28%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
24%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Communicate by speaking.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
57%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
48%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
45%Speed of recognition
Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
77%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
76%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
73%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
72%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
71%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
71%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
69%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
68%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
67%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
64%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
62%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
58%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
56%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
55%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
51%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
48%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
48%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
47%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
42%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Use electronic mail.
99%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Work with people in a group or team.
91%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
88%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
85%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
80%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
72%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
70%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Work to strict deadlines.
68%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
67%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
64%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
63%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
61%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
60%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1141.00 - Database Administrators.