Defence Force Senior Officers
Defence Force Senior Officers manage organisational units of the Australian Defence Force through subordinate officers.
Also known as: Air Force, Army, or Navy Senior Officer.
Specialisations: Admiral (Navy), Air Chief Marshal (Air Force), Air Commodore (Air Force), Air Marshal (Air Force), Air Vice Marshal (Air Force), Brigadier (Army), Captain (Navy), Colonel (Army), Commander (Navy), Commodore (Navy), General (Army), Group Captain (Air Force), Lieutenant Colonel (Army), Lieutenant General (Army), Major General (Army), Rear Admiral (Navy), Vice Admiral (Navy), Wing Commander (Air Force).
Defence Force Senior Officers gain their position by advancing through the ranks of the Australian Defence Force.
Provides strategic direction and management, directs subordinates to meet objectives, achieve specific goals.
Plans manoeuvres, policy and ensures set standards are meet.
Consults with immediate subordinates and fellow defence heads (where appropriate) on such matters as methods of operation, equipment required and personnel.
Studies and analyses relevant data, reviews recommendations and reports, takes responsibility for preparation and presentation of information to the appropriate arms of military forces.
Decides or approves senior (and/or other) appointments.
Authorises missions, along with government approval.
Represents military arm at conferences, negotiations, official occasions, and liaises with other organisations.
Informal or on-the-job
The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, General Managers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 87% of people employed as Defence Force Senior Officers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 21 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 50 hours per week in their main job. This is 6 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most Defence Force Senior Officers work in the Public administration and safety industry.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Defence Force Senior Officers||All Jobs Average|
Around 72% of Defence Force Senior Officers live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
The Australian Capital Territory has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Defence Force Senior Officers is 48 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 16% of the workforce. This is 32 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Defence Force Senior Officers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||2.5||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Defence Force Senior Officers gain their position by advancing through the ranks of the Australian Defence Force.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
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Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Defence Force Senior Officers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||67.4||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.6||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for General Managers who have strong communication skills, provide leadership and direction and can interact with a variety of people.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
57%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
57%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Teaching people how to do something.
57%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Reading work related information.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Talking to others.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
52%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Looking for ways to help people.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
84%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
82%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
73%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
72%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
63%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
54%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
54%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
52%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
44%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
42%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
30%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
30%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
54%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
See details that are far away.
52%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Do two or more things at the same time.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Pay attention to a certain sound when there are other distracting sounds.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
84%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
81%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
81%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
80%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
80%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
78%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
78%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
78%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
76%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
75%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
75%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
73%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
72%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
72%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
71%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
69%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
68%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
64%Providing office support
Doing day-to-day office work such as filing and processing paperwork.
63%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
59%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
98%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Use electronic mail.
96%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
96%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
Work with people in a group or team.
94%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
90%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
89%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
89%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
89%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
88%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
87%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
87%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
84%Angry or unpleasant people
Deal with unpleasant, angry, or rude people.
81%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
Work to strict deadlines.
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The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 33-1012.00 - First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives.