Engravers inscribe letters, figures and designs on metal, glass, wood, rubber, plastic and other surfaces.
Inscribes letters, figures and designs on surfaces of jewellery, trophies and other ornamental items.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Precision Metal Trades Workers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 68% of people employed as Engravers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is similar to the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 43 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Engravers||All Jobs Average|
Around 43% of Engravers live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
New South Wales and Western Australia have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Engravers is 48 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 30% of the workforce. This is 18 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Engravers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||12.0||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as an Engraver. Although some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification in precision metalworking or another related field.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Manufacturing and Metal and Engineering VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Engravers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.0||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||20.9||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Precision Metal Trades Workers who are reliable, work well in a team and have a strong work ethic.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
39%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
39%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Reading work related information.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
36%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Talking to others.
Figuring out why a machine or system went wrong and working out what to do about it.
32%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Looking for ways to help people.
27%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Maintaining equipment and deciding what maintenance will be needed in the future.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
25%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Deciding on the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
64%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
61%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
60%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
56%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
51%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
39%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
38%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
34%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
32%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
30%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
20%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
18%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Keep your hand or arm steady.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Communicate by speaking.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Listen to and understand what people say.
43%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Read and understand written information.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
38%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Decide which thing is closer or further away from you, or decide how far away it is.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
68%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
63%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
61%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
54%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
52%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
52%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
51%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
51%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
50%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
50%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
50%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
48%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
48%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
46%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
44%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
41%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
37%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
37%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
37%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
98%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
95%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Talk on the telephone.
Work to strict deadlines.
91%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk with people face-to-face.
90%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
86%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
85%Pace of work set by equipment
Pace of work depends on the speed of equipment or machinery.
79%Automation of tasks
Do tasks that are mostly automated.
78%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Work with people in a group or team.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
69%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
69%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
68%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
67%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
64%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
60%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 51-9194.00 - Etchers and Engravers.