Eye Specialists provide diagnostic, treatment and preventative medical services related to diseases, injuries and deficiencies of the human eye and associated structures.
Read patient's history.
Examine patients and determine whether surgery is necessary.
Consults with anaesthetists about the operation and the patient's treatment.
Gives instructions about preparing patients for operating theatres.
Performs and manages operations.
Provides instructions for post-operative care.
Monitors patients after surgery.
Keeps medical records and sends final reports to general practitioners.
May teach trainees.
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Other Medical Practitioners, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 81% of people employed as Eye Specialists work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 15 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 47 hours per week in their main job. This is 3 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most Eye Specialists work in the Health care and social assistance industry.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Eye Specialists||All Jobs Average|
Around 81% of Eye Specialists live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
New South Wales has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Eye Specialists is 47 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 28% of the workforce. This is 20 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Eye Specialists||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||12.3||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Medical Practitioners need to undertake further training with the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists to become an Ophthalmologist.
Registration with the Medical Board of Australia is required.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Eye Specialists||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||59.0||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Other Medical Practitioners who are caring and empathetic and can work well in a team, with the ability to communicate with a diverse range of people.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Teaching people how to do something.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Talking to others.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
61%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
57%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
57%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Looking for ways to help people.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
48%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
92%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
72%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
72%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
63%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
57%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
52%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
50%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
41%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
39%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
38%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
38%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
37%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
34%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Listen to and understand what people say.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Communicate by speaking.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
59%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
57%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
90%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
88%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
86%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
85%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
83%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
82%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
82%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
81%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
78%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
73%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
73%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
73%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
72%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
72%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
70%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
69%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
69%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
68%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
67%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
65%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
100%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk with people face-to-face.
100%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
99%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
98%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
98%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
Talk on the telephone.
97%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
97%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Work with people in a group or team.
95%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
95%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
Use electronic mail.
94%Disease or infection
Be exposed to disease or infections.
94%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
92%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
92%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
91%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
Work to strict deadlines.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-1069.06 - Ophthalmologists.