Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere)
Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers includes jobs like Bush Regenerator, Indoor Plant Technician, Irrigationist, Kelp or Seagrass Gatherer, Seed Collector, and Weed Controller.
Irrigates land for crop growth.
Collects seeds and cultivates seedlings for replanting purposes.
Plants crops using hand tools and farm machines.
Builds trellises for climbing plants and vines.
Fells and de-barks non-productive crops and thins young plantations.
Sprays plants, crops and pastures with chemicals to control weed growth, insects, fungus growth and diseases.
Operates machinery to cultivate, fertilise, spray and harvest crops.
Selects and harvests crops according to size and ripeness, while discarding rotting and over-ripened produce.
Grades, sorts, bunches and packs produce into containers and loads onto trucks.
Maintains farm, forest and garden roads, buildings, facilities, signs and equipment.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 63% of people employed as Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere) work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is similar to the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere) work in industries like:
- Agriculture, forestry and fishing
- Public administration and safety
- Administrative and support services.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere)||All Jobs Average|
Around 62% of Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere) live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
New South Wales has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Richmond - Tweed
- New England and North West
- Sydney - Outer West and Blue Mountains
- Capital Region
- Gold Coast.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere) is 41 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 20% of the workforce. This is 28 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere)||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||4.8||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
This group includes jobs that might have different study pathways.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (not covered elsewhere)||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||2.9||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||19.2||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers who are fit, reliable and can work independently when needed but also as part of a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
43%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Talking to others.
41%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
41%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Reading work related information.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
39%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Maintaining equipment and deciding what maintenance will be needed in the future.
32%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Looking for ways to help people.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Teaching people how to do something.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
53%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
53%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
51%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
48%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
41%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
39%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
36%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
32%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
29%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
25%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Listen to and understand what people say.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
Communicate by speaking.
43%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Lift, push, pull, or carry things.
Read and understand written information.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Decide which thing is closer or further away from you, or decide how far away it is.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
See details that are far away.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
76%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
73%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
65%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
64%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
63%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
62%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
60%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
59%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
58%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
57%Working with mechanical equipment
Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment.
57%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
56%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
53%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
53%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
52%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
51%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
51%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
49%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
48%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
48%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
95%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
93%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
93%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
91%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
88%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
87%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
86%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Talk with people face-to-face.
84%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
84%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
Talk on the telephone.
Work to strict deadlines.
Work near dangers like high voltage electricity, flammable material, explosives or chemicals.
80%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
77%Minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings
Be exposed to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings.
76%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
73%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
72%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
72%Very hot or cold temperatures
Work in very hot or cold temperatures.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 37-3012.00 - Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.