Aquaculture Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to breed and raise fish and other aquatic stock.
Also known as: Marine Farmer.
Specialisations: Seafood Farmer, Fish Farmer, Hatchery Manager (Fish), Mussel Farmer, Oyster Farmer.
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as an Aquaculture Farmer. Although some workers have a formal qualification in aquaculture or marine science.
planning and coordinating the operation of hatcheries to produce fish fry, seed oysters, crayfish, marron and prawns taking into account environmental and market factors
monitoring the environment to maintain optimal growing conditions
identifying and controlling environmental toxins and diseases
monitoring stock growth rates to determine when to harvest
transporting fish, crayfish, marron, prawns and sticks of seed oysters to new tanks, ponds, cages and floating net pens
directing and overseeing the harvesting, grading and packaging of fish, oysters and other aquatic stock
organising the sale, purchase and transportation of fish stock
maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
may select, train and supervise staff and contractors
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow moderately
- is likely to reach 3,800 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 79% of people employed as Aquaculture Farmers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 13 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 49 hours per week in their main job. This is 5 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most Aquaculture Farmers work in the Agriculture, forestry and fishing industry. They are also employed in Public administration and safety.
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2021.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Aquaculture Farmers||All Jobs Average|
Around 81% of Aquaculture Farmers live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Tasmania and South Australia have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Aquaculture Farmers is 45 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 15% of the workforce. This is 33 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Aquaculture Farmers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||10.0||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as an Aquaculture Farmer. Although some workers have a formal qualification in aquaculture or marine science.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Seafood Industry VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Aquaculture Farmers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||3.3||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||25.5||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Aquaculture Farmers who work well in a team, communicate clearly and who are reliable.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Reading work related information.
Talking to others.
55%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
54%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
50%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
46%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
43%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.
63%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
62%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
59%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
59%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
57%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
55%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
55%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
54%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
45%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
45%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
44%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
37%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
50%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
See details that are far away.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
43%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
76%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
76%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
71%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
69%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
68%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
67%Managing payments and orders
Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.
66%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
65%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
65%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
64%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
64%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
61%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
60%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
59%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
58%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
57%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
52%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
51%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
48%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
92%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
Use electronic mail.
86%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
85%Indoors, not heat controlled
Work indoors without heating or cooling (e.g., warehouse without heat).
Work with people in a group or team.
81%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
81%Outdoors, under cover
Work outdoors, under cover (e.g., in an open shed).
79%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
79%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
77%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
74%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
73%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
72%In an open vehicle or equipment
Work in an open vehicle (e.g., a tractor).
72%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
71%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
71%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
70%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.03 - Aquacultural Managers.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.