Fitter-Welders fit, assemble and weld metal parts and subassemblies to fabricate production machines and other equipment.
Determines suitable material, method and sequence of operations and machine settings.
Fits fabricated metal parts and assembles metal parts to produce machines and equipment.
Checks parts for accuracy, clearance and fit.
Sets guides, stops and other controls on machining tools, sets up prescribed cutting and shaping tools and dies in machines and presses, and sets controls for textile machines.
Forms metal stock and castings to press, cut, grind, plane, bore and drill metal.
Cuts, threads, bends and installs hydraulic and pneumatic pipes and lines.
Performs operational maintenance of machines, parts and fluid power equipment.
May erect machines and equipment.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Metal Fitters and Machinists, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 92% of people employed as Fitter-Welders work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 26 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 45 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Fitter-Welders||All Jobs Average|
Around 58% of Fitter-Welders live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
New South Wales and Queensland have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
The region with the largest share of workers is Central West (NSW).
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Fitter-Welders is 45 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 1% of the workforce. This is 47 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Fitter-Welders||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||4.7||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A certificate III in engineering - mechanical trade is usually needed to work as a Fitter-Welder. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Manufacturing and Metal and Engineering VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Fitter-Welders||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.0||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||7.6||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Metal Fitters and Machinists who are reliable, flexible, adaptable and work well in a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
45%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
43%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
41%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Reading work related information.
Teaching people how to do something.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Using maths to solve problems.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
36%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Talking to others.
34%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Fixing machines or systems.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Deciding on the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
29%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
51%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
49%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
43%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
42%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
38%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
31%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
26%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
24%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
23%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
14%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
12%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Communicate by speaking.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
Bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Lift, push, pull, or carry things.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Decide which thing is closer or further away from you, or decide how far away it is.
See details that are far away.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
37%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
88%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
80%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
69%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
55%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
55%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
54%Working with mechanical equipment
Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment.
53%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
52%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
52%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
51%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
48%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
48%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
47%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
46%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
43%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
40%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
39%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
36%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
34%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
100%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
87%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
86%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Talk with people face-to-face.
84%Indoors, not heat controlled
Work indoors without heating or cooling (e.g., warehouse without heat).
84%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
79%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Work with people in a group or team.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
76%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Work to strict deadlines.
75%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
74%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
74%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
73%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
73%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
71%Minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings
Be exposed to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings.
Work near dangerous equipment like saws, machinery with open moving parts, or moving traffic.
69%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
67%Very hot or cold temperatures
Work in very hot or cold temperatures.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 51-4121.06 - Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters.