Hydrogeologists monitor, measure, analyse and describe the earth's surface and groundwater resources and many aspects of the water cycle, including human use of water resources.
Conducts preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with Prospectors, Mining Engineers, Metallurgists, and other mineral scientists and engineers.
Prepares and supervises the production of laboratory reports and scientific papers.
Conducts studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth’s crust and the minerals contained in it.
Studies and dates fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, and to assess their commercial applications.
Studies the effects of natural events, such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity, on the formation of the earth’s surface and sea beds.
Carries out exploration to determine the resources present by sampling, examining and analysing geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques.
Conducts surveys of variations in the earth’s gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features.
Investigates the propagation of seismic waves to determine the structure and stability of the earth’s mantle and crust.
Studies the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth’s crust.
Performs laboratory and field studies as well as aerial, ground and drill hole surveys.
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 82% of people employed as Hydrogeologists work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 16 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Hydrogeologists||All Jobs Average|
Around 86% of Hydrogeologists live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Western Australia and South Australia have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
The region with the largest share of workers is Perth - North West.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Hydrogeologists is 40 years. This is the same as the all jobs average.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 27% of the workforce. This is 21 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Hydrogeologists||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||3.9||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A bachelor degree in science majoring in environmental science or a related field (such as geology or hydrology) is needed to work as a Hydrogeologist. Many workers have a postgraduate qualification.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Hydrogeologists||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||59.0||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Using maths to solve problems.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Talking to others.
57%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
55%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
48%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Teaching people how to do something.
43%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
80%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
69%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
65%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
64%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
60%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
56%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
53%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
53%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
50%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
46%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
43%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Read and understand written information.
Communicate by speaking.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
55%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
55%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
55%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
See details that are far away.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
82%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
81%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
77%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
76%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
76%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
76%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
75%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
75%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
73%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
73%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
72%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
70%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
70%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
70%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
67%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
66%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
64%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
63%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
58%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Use electronic mail.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
87%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Work with people in a group or team.
78%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
78%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
78%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
73%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
72%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
72%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
70%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
68%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
68%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
68%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
68%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
Work to strict deadlines.
65%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
64%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-2043.00 - Hydrologists.