Hydrographers

ANZSCO ID 311415

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
590
Future Growth
N/A
Weekly Earnings
N/A
Full-Time Share
91%
Female Share
16%
Average age
40

Summary

Hydrographers measure, analyse and maintain the flow and quality of water in rivers, lakes, stormwater and sewage, and survey and map oceans, seas and rivers.

Tasks

  • Prepares technical documentation and drawings for hydrographic survey solutions.

  • Performs routine mathematical calculations and computations of measurements for surveying and charting bodies of water.

  • Checks, calibrates and maintains surveying, sonar, navigational and other hydrography equipment.

  • Collects surveying data using computer systems, echo sounders, sonar, GPS and other navigation systems.

  • Conducts fieldwork by collecting water bed samples and aquatic life for laboratory experiments, tests and analyses.

  • Prepares maps, charts, sketches, diagrams and reports on the currents and compositions of water bodies.

Characteristics

Job Type
Technicians And Trades Workers
Skill Level
High skill
ANZSCO Occupation group
Unemployment Rate
n/a
Industries
Pathway(s)
  • University
  • Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Interests
  • Analytical
  • Administrative
  • Enterprising
Physical Demand
  • Light
  • Medium

Outlook

Employment Outlook

The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Science Technicians, under the outlook section.


Earnings and hours

Working arrangements

  • Around 91% of people employed as Hydrographers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 25 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).

    Full-time workers work an average of 43 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).

    Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.


Industries

Main industries

1
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services
38.3%
2
Public Administration and Safety
31.3%
3
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
16.8%
4
Construction
5.1%
5
Other industries
5.4%

Regions

Employment across Australia

NSW

28.7% All occupations: 31.6%

VIC

21.1% All occupations: 25.6%

QLD

25.6% All occupations: 20.0%

SA

5.6% All occupations: 7.0%

WA

9.5% All occupations: 10.8%

TAS

3.6% All occupations: 2.0%

NT

2.9% All occupations: 1.0%

ACT

3.1% All occupations: 1.9%

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

State Hydrographers All Jobs Average
NSW 28.7 31.6
VIC 21.1 25.6
QLD 25.6 20.0
SA 5.6 7.0
WA 9.5 10.8
TAS 3.6 2.0
NT 2.9 1.0
ACT 3.1 1.9


  • Around 58% of Hydrographers live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.

    Queensland has a large share of employment relative to its population size.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Worker profile

Age and gender

Age In Years
40
All Jobs Average is 40
Female Share
16%
All Jobs Average is 48%
  • The median age of Hydrographers is 40 years. This is the same as the all jobs average.

    A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.

    Females make up 16% of the workforce. This is 32 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age Bracket Hydrographers All Jobs Average
15-19 1.0 5.0
20-24 6.1 9.3
25-34 29.0 22.9
35-44 24.7 22.0
45-54 19.7 21.6
55-59 9.5 9.0
60-64 7.6 6.0
65 and Over 2.4 4.2
Median Age 40 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Employment Pathways

Education, training and experience

A formal qualification in water industry operations, hydrography, geomatics or another related field is usually needed to work as a Hydrographer. Vocational Education and Training (VET) and university are both common study pathways.

Visit

  • Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
  • ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Laboratory Operations, Food Processing and Australian Meat Processing VET training pathways.

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of Qualification Hydrographers All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 6.7 10.1
Bachelor degree 33.4 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 23.2 11.6
Certificate III/IV 20.9 21.1
Year 12 12.7 18.1
Year 11 0.7 4.8
Year 10 and below 2.4 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.


Skills and Knowledge

Employers look for Science Technicians who are reliable, work well in a team and have a strong work ethic.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  • 59%

    Reading comprehension

    Reading work related information.

  • 59%

    Systems analysis

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  • 59%

    Systems evaluation

    Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

  • 57%

    Critical thinking

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  • 57%

    Writing

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  • 57%

    Speaking

    Talking to others.

  • 55%

    Active listening

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  • 55%

    Complex problem solving

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  • 55%

    Judgment and decision making

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  • 54%

    Active learning

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  • 54%

    Mathematics

    Using maths to solve problems.

  • 54%

    Monitoring

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  • 52%

    Time management

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  • 50%

    Persuasion

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  • 50%

    Social perceptiveness

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  • 48%

    Instructing

    Teaching people how to do something.

  • 46%

    Coordination with others

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  • 45%

    Management of personnel resources

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  • 45%

    Negotiation

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  • 45%

    Serving others

    Looking for ways to help people.


Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  • 82%

    Engineering and technology

    Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  • 77%

    Mathematics

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  • 72%

    Technical design

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  • 72%

    Geography

    Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

  • 68%

    Customer and personal service

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  • 67%

    Physics

    The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.

  • 66%

    Chemistry

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

  • 65%

    Computers and electronics

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • 64%

    Biology

    Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.

  • 64%

    English language

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • 62%

    Administration and management

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  • 58%

    Law and government

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  • 57%

    Building and construction

    Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

  • 57%

    Public safety and security

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  • 55%

    Education and training

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • 50%

    Sales and marketing

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  • 44%

    Personnel and human resources

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  • 43%

    Mechanical

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  • 42%

    Economics and accounting

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  • 40%

    Communications and media

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.


Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities..

  • 59%

    Oral expression

    Communicate by speaking.

  • 57%

    Deductive reasoning

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  • 57%

    Inductive reasoning

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  • 57%

    Oral comprehension

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  • 57%

    Written comprehension

    Read and understand written information.

  • 57%

    Written expression

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  • 54%

    Problem spotting

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  • 54%

    Near vision

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  • 52%

    Sorting or ordering

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • 52%

    Speech recognition

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  • 50%

    Speech clarity

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  • 50%

    Working with numbers

    Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

  • 50%

    Far vision

    See details that are far away.

  • 48%

    Brainstorming

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  • 48%

    Flexibility of closure

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  • 48%

    Mathematics

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  • 48%

    Originality

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  • 48%

    Perceptual speed

    Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

  • 46%

    Selective attention

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  • 46%

    Categorising

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.


Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  • 83%

    Making sense of information and ideas

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  • 82%

    Collecting and organising information

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  • 81%

    Making decisions and solving problems

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  • 79%

    Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  • 79%

    Communicating with the public

    Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 78%

    Planning and prioritising work

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  • 76%

    Researching and investigating

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  • 74%

    Communicating within a team

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 74%

    Building good relationships

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  • 73%

    Explaining things to people

    Helping people to understand and use information.

  • 73%

    Checking compliance with standards

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

  • 73%

    Thinking creatively

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  • 72%

    Scheduling work and activities

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  • 72%

    Giving expert advice

    Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.

  • 69%

    Coming up with systems and processes

    Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  • 69%

    Monitoring people, processes and things

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  • 67%

    Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

  • 67%

    Looking for changes over time

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  • 64%

    Working with computers

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  • 62%

    Documenting or recording information

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.


Interests and demands

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  • 95%

    Analytical

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  • 62%

    Enterprising

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  • 57%

    Administrative

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  • 38%

    Practical

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  • 29%

    Creative

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  • 24%

    Helping

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.


Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
  • 86%

    Achievement

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  • 76%

    Independence

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  • 76%

    Working conditions

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  • 71%

    Recognition

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  • 62%

    Relationships

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  • 57%

    Support

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.


Demands

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:
  • 100%

    Electronic mail

    Use electronic mail.

  • 96%

    Telephone

    Talk on the telephone.

  • 93%

    Face-to-face discussions

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  • 83%

    Being exact or accurate

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  • 83%

    Teamwork

    Work with people in a group or team.

  • 83%

    Unstructured work

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  • 81%

    Letters and memos

    Write letters and memos.

  • 80%

    Spend time sitting

    Spend time sitting at work.

  • 79%

    Contact with people

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  • 77%

    Impact of decisions

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  • 77%

    Indoors, heat controlled

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  • 76%

    Freedom to make decisions

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  • 74%

    Frequent decision making

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  • 74%

    Time pressure

    Work to strict deadlines.

  • 72%

    Contact with the public

    Work with customers or the public.

  • 71%

    Lead or coordinate a team

    Lead others to do work activities.

  • 69%

    Competition

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  • 66%

    Responsible for outcomes

    Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.

  • 63%

    Health and safety of others

    Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.

  • 62%

    Outdoors, exposed to weather

    Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9121.02 - Water Resource Specialists.


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