Inspectors and Regulatory Officers
Inspectors and Regulatory Officers administer and enforce government and corporate regulations and standards.
searching aircraft, vehicles, premises and people, and checking documents and goods to detect illegal activities such as undocumented cargo, prohibited goods and illegal aliens
examining and assessing visas and residency applications
testing applicants' ability to operate a motor vehicle, assessing applicants' suitability to hold learner's permits and probationary licences, and issuing learner's permits and probationary licences
identifying pest and weed problems and determining treatments and management
assessing claims for government benefits
carrying out random checks of taxation documents to detect non-compliance with taxation legislation
conducting visual checks of the mechanical, structural, electrical, pneumatic and hydraulic systems of railway wagons, carriages and locomotives for condition and correct classification
ensuring that train, tram and bus services are provided according to schedule, monitoring the cleanliness, presentation and condition of vehicles, and recommending improvements and changes to services
receiving and assessing applications for licences to use water, investigating the ability of water resources to meet new requirements, and conducting site inspections
- 599511 Customs Officers
- 599512 Immigration Officers
- 599513 Motor Vehicle Licence Examiners
- 599514 Noxious Weeds and Pest Inspectors
- 599515 Social Security Assessors
- 599516 Taxation Inspectors
- 599517 Train Examiners
- 599518 Transport Operations Inspectors
- 599521 Water Inspectors
- 599599 Other Inspectors and Regulatory Officers
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow strongly
- is likely to reach 49,500 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 80% of people employed as Inspectors and Regulatory Officers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 14 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 41 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
More than a third of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $1,596 per week, this is similar to the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,425
- 1 in 4 earn more than $1,870
Median hourly earnings are $42, this is similar to the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Inspectors and Regulatory Officers||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Most Inspectors and Regulatory Officers work in the Public administration and safety industry. They are also employed in industries like:
- Professional, scientific and technical services
- Electricity, gas, water and waste services
- Arts and recreation services.
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2021.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Inspectors and Regulatory Officers||All Jobs Average|
Around 63% of Inspectors and Regulatory Officers live in capital cities, similar to the all jobs average of 62%.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Australian Capital Territory
- Perth - South East
- Melbourne - Inner
- Sydney - Inner South West
- Perth - North West.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Inspectors and Regulatory Officers is 44 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 51% of the workforce. This is 3 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Inspectors and Regulatory Officers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||2.7||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A formal qualification and strong attention to detail is usually needed to work as an Inspector or Regulatory Officer. Vocational Education and Training (VET) and university are both common study pathways.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Local Government and Public Sector VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Inspectors and Regulatory Officers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||10.5||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||7.7||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Inspectors and Regulatory Officers who have a good attention to detail, strong people skills and a good work ethic.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Reading work related information.
Talking to others.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
52%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Looking for ways to help people.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
43%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
41%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Teaching people how to do something.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
34%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
69%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
58%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
58%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
49%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
49%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
48%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
30%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
28%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
27%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
25%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
24%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
16%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
16%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
46%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
See details that are far away.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
41%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Do two or more things at the same time.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Pay attention to a certain sound when there are other distracting sounds.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
71%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
71%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
69%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
65%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
65%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
63%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
63%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
62%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
61%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
60%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
60%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
59%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
59%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
56%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
56%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
53%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
53%Providing office support
Doing day-to-day office work such as filing and processing paperwork.
51%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
50%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
44%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
96%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
95%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
89%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Work with people in a group or team.
81%Angry or unpleasant people
Deal with unpleasant, angry, or rude people.
79%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
Use electronic mail.
77%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
76%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
75%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
75%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
74%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
73%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
73%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
71%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
71%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
71%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 13-1041.02 - Licensing Examiners and Inspectors.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.