Judicial and Other Legal Professionals
Judicial and Other Legal Professionals hear legal and other matters in courts and tribunals; interpret, analyse, administer and provide advice on the law; and draft legislation.
researching statutes and previous court decisions relevant to cases
conducting trials and hearings
calling and questioning witnesses
hearing and evaluating arguments and evidence in civil and criminal summary matters
deciding penalties and sentences within statutory limits, such as fines, bonds and detention, awarding damages in civil matters, and issuing court orders
exercising arbitral powers if resolution is not achieved or seems improbable through conciliation
preparing settlement memoranda and obtaining signatures of parties
advising government of legal, constitutional and parliamentary matters and drafting bills and attending committee meetings during consideration of bills
preparing advice on matters associated with intellectual property rights
advising clients and agents on legal and technical matters
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow strongly
- is likely to reach 13,800 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 73% of people employed as Judicial and Other Legal Professionals work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 7 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 45 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Median full-time earnings are $2,285 per week, this is much higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,920
- 1 in 4 earn more than $3,639
Median hourly earnings are $62, this is much more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Judicial and Other Legal Professionals||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Judicial and Other Legal Professionals||All Jobs Average|
Around 84% of Judicial and Other Legal Professionals live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
The Australian Capital Territory and Victoria have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Judicial and Other Legal Professionals is 45 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 58% of the workforce. This is 10 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Judicial and Other Legal Professionals||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||9.2||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Judicial and Other Legal Professionals are usually appointed by a State or Federal Governor or Attorney-General. People who have a law degree and have been licensed to practise law for a minimum of eight years are eligible for consideration.
Registration or licencing may be required.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Judicial and Other Legal Professionals||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||36.2||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||1.2||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
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Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Talking to others.
Reading work related information.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
71%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
68%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
48%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Teaching people how to do something.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
45%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Looking for ways to help people.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
85%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
66%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
57%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
56%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
54%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
53%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
51%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
50%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
49%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
35%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
34%History and archeology
Events of the past, their causes, how we learn about them, and how they influence the way we live today.
31%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
30%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Communicate by speaking.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
54%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
43%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
43%Speed of recognition
Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Do two or more things at the same time.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
89%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
86%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
85%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
85%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
85%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
79%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
78%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
74%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
69%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
68%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
67%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
67%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
65%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
62%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
56%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
56%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
53%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
48%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
48%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
100%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
100%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Talk with people face-to-face.
99%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Use electronic mail.
97%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
95%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
95%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk on the telephone.
92%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
91%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
90%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
84%Angry or unpleasant people
Deal with unpleasant, angry, or rude people.
Work to strict deadlines.
Talk to a group of people.
76%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
75%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
Work with people in a group or team.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 23-1023.00 - Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates.