Landscape Architects plan and design land areas for projects such as open space networks, parks, schools, institutions, roads, external areas for all building types, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial and residential sites.
Consults with professionals and clients about external area designs, costs and construction.
Compiles and analyses site and community data about geographical and ecological features, landforms, soils, vegetation, site hydrology, visual characteristics and human-made structures, to formulate land use and development recommendations, and for preparing environmental impact statements.
Prepares reports, site plans, working drawings, specifications and cost estimates for land development, shows location and details of proposals, including ground modelling, structures, vegetation and access.
Inspects construction work in progress to ensure compliance with plans, specifications and quality standards.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Architects and Landscape Architects, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 73% of people employed as Landscape Architects work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 7 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
Around 80% of Landscape Architects live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Victoria has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - Inner
- Sydney - City and Inner South
- Sydney - Eastern Suburbs
- Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby
- Brisbane Inner City.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Landscape Architects is 39 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 47% of the workforce. This is similar to the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||3.1||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A bachelor degree in landscape architecture is usually needed to work as a Landscape Architect. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Landscape Architects||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||26.8||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.7||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Architects and Landscape Architects who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
55%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Talking to others.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
54%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
52%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
48%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Teaching people how to do something.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Looking for ways to help people.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
70%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
68%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
64%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
60%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
60%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
55%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
53%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
53%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
52%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
43%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
41%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Communicate by speaking.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
57%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
See details that are far away.
43%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Do two or more things at the same time.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
79%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
78%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
77%Drafting, laying out, and specifying parts
Detailing and describing how devices, parts or equipment are to be made, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
76%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
74%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
73%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
72%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
72%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
71%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
71%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
70%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
63%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
63%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
63%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
62%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
61%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
56%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
55%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
51%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Talk on the telephone.
Use electronic mail.
Talk with people face-to-face.
88%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
86%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Work with people in a group or team.
85%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
85%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
83%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Work to strict deadlines.
78%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
76%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
72%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
71%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
68%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
68%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
64%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
61%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-1012.00 - Landscape Architects.