Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere)
Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere) include jobs like Materials Scientist, Metrologist, Polymer Scientist, Respiratory Scientist, and Sleep Scientist.
Conducts experiments to test pre-existing theories and come up with new theories.
Designs and tests experiment equipment.
Tests and processes minerals for their elements.
Writes up reports on experiments undertaken.
May supervise staff.
May write papers for scientific journals.
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Other Natural and Physical Science Professionals, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 66% of people employed as Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere) work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is the same as the all jobs average.
Full-time workers work an average of 41 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere)||All Jobs Average|
Around 81% of Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere) live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Victoria and Western Australia have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere) is 37 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 53% of the workforce. This is 5 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere)||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||3.6||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
This group includes jobs that might have different study pathways.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Natural and Physical Science Professionals (not covered elsewhere)||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||38.5||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Other Natural and Physical Science Professionals who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Reading work related information.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
59%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
55%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Talking to others.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Using maths to solve problems.
Teaching people how to do something.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
43%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
86%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
66%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
60%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
58%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
54%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
46%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
40%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
39%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
37%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
34%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
32%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Communicate by speaking.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Read and understand written information.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
57%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
54%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
45%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
86%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
84%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
83%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
82%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
81%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
81%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
76%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
76%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
75%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
73%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
72%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
72%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
71%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
70%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
65%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
65%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
64%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
63%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
60%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Use electronic mail.
92%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
85%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
84%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Work with people in a group or team.
82%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
77%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
75%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
73%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
72%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
71%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
69%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
67%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
65%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
Work to strict deadlines.
Work near dangers like high voltage electricity, flammable material, explosives or chemicals.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-2032.00 - Materials Scientists.