Organisational Psychologists apply psychological principles and techniques to study occupational behaviour, working conditions and organisational structure, and solve problems of work performance and organisational design.
Develops interview techniques, psychological tests and other aids in workplace selection, placement, appraisal and promotion.
Conducts surveys and research studies on job design, work groups, morale, motivation, supervision and management.
Performs job analyses and establishes job requirements by observing and interviewing employees and managers.
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Psychologists and Psychotherapists, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 65% of people employed as Organisational Psychologists work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is similar to the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 45 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Organisational Psychologists||All Jobs Average|
Around 89% of Organisational Psychologists live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Organisational Psychologists is 41 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 70% of the workforce. This is 22 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Organisational Psychologists||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||4.9||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A specialised postgraduate degree in psychology and a period of supervised practice is needed to work as an Organisational Psychologist.
Registration with the Psychology Board of Australia is required.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Organisational Psychologists||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||75.5||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Psychologists who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Talking to others.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
59%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
57%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
57%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Using maths to solve problems.
Teaching people how to do something.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
91%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
87%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
72%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
69%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
60%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
59%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
50%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
47%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
44%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
41%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
34%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
32%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
24%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
15%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
55%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
54%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
See details that are far away.
43%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
88%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
86%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
83%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
81%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
80%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
78%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
77%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
77%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
75%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
75%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
73%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
73%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
72%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
71%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
67%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
Convincing people to buy something or to change their minds or actions.
64%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
63%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
52%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Use electronic mail.
Talk on the telephone.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
93%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Talk with people face-to-face.
91%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
91%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Work with people in a group or team.
86%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
85%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
85%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
83%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
81%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
80%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
78%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
76%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
Work to strict deadlines.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
65%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-3032.00 - Industrial-Organizational Psychologists.