Paving and Surfacing Labourers
Paving and Surfacing Labourers perform routine tasks associated in laying bituminous and other paving materials on roads, runways, parking areas and other surfaces to be paved.
sweeping paving bases prior to laying asphalt and other surfaces
sprinkling and brushing hot and cold-mix asphalt over surfaces to be paved and repaired to bond asphalt toppings to bases
operating tank-truck distributors and hoses to spray tar and road oils and emulsions on graded surfaces prior to paving
tripping tail-gate levers to discharge hot-mix asphalt into paving machines, and spreading stone chips, gravel and cold-mix asphalt onto road surfaces
shovelling asphalt mix into areas inaccessible to paving machines, and compacting mix using rakes and hand tampers
cutting and trimming damaged surfaces using jack-hammers and softening edges of areas to be repaired with blowtorches
erecting and dismantling barricades
loading and unloading equipment, and cleaning work sites
may direct traffic
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow strongly
- is likely to reach 5,500 by 2026.
Source: National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 88% of people employed as Paving and Surfacing Labourers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 22 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.
More than a third of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $1,234 per week, this is much lower than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,168
- 1 in 4 earn more than $1,364
Median hourly earnings are $32, this is lower than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Paving and Surfacing Labourers||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Paving and Surfacing Labourers||All Jobs Average|
Around 64% of Paving and Surfacing Labourers live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Queensland has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - West
- Sydney - Outer West and Blue Mountains
- Central Coast (NSW)
- Latrobe - Gippsland
- Mid North Coast (NSW).
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Paving and Surfacing Labourers is 42 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 2% of the workforce. This is 46 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Paving and Surfacing Labourers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||2.6||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not usually required to work as a Paving and Surfacing Labourer. Some workers have a certificate II in stoneworking or bituminous surfacing.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Paving and Surfacing Labourers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.2||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||37.4||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Paving and Surfacing Labourers who are motivated and hardworking.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
54%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
41%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Talking to others.
39%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
39%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Reading work related information.
Looking for ways to help people.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Teaching people how to do something.
37%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
37%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
55%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
48%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
44%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
43%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
36%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
32%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
23%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
18%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
17%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
17%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
12%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Lift, push, pull, or carry things.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Communicate by speaking.
45%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Quickly move your hand, finger, or foot when a sound, light, picture or something else appears.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Decide which thing is closer or further away from you, or decide how far away it is.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
84%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
74%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
64%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
59%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
59%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
59%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
54%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
53%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
51%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
50%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
48%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
48%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
47%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
Convincing people to buy something or to change their minds or actions.
45%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
44%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
42%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
42%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
40%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
40%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
95%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
93%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
88%In an enclosed vehicle or equipment
Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).
Work with people in a group or team.
87%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
87%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
83%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
82%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
82%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Work to strict deadlines.
81%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
80%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
75%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
75%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
74%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
74%Very hot or cold temperatures
Work in very hot or cold temperatures.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-4091.00 - Segmental Pavers.