Production Managers plan, organise, direct, control and coordinate the production activities of forestry, manufacturing and mining organisations including physical and human resources.
determining, implementing and monitoring production strategies, policies and plans
planning details of production activities in terms of output quality and quantity, cost, time available and labour requirements
controlling the operation of production plant and quality procedures through planning of maintenance, designation of operating hours and supply of parts and tools
monitoring production output and costs, and adjusting processes and resources to minimise costs
informing other Managers about production matters
overseeing the acquisition and installation of new plant and equipment
directing research into production methods, and recommending and implementing initiatives
controlling the preparation of production records and reports
coordinating the implementation of occupational health and safety requirements
directing staff activities and monitoring their performance
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:
- is expected to grow strongly
- is likely to reach 84,800 by 2026.
Source: Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and Jobs and Skills Australia Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 94% of people employed as Production Managers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 28 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 48 hours per week in their main job. This is 4 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
More than a third of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $2,332 per week, this is much higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,978
- 1 in 4 earn more than $3,213
Median hourly earnings are $56, this is more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Production Managers||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Production Managers||All Jobs Average|
Around 60% of Production Managers live in capital cities, similar to the all jobs average of 62%.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - South East
- Melbourne - Outer East
- Melbourne - West
- Melbourne - Inner
- Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Production Managers is 45 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 16% of the workforce. This is 32 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Production Managers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||3.8||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as a Production Manager. Although most workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification or a university degree.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Manufacturing VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Production Managers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||8.0||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||11.5||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Production Managers who are reliable, organised and can communicate clearly. Employers also value leadership and planning skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
64%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
63%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
63%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Reading work related information.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Talking to others.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
57%Management of financial resources
Figuring out how money is needed to do something, and keeping track of the money that's being spent.
57%Management of material resources
Providing the right equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do work.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
54%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
54%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Teaching people how to do something.
Using maths to solve problems.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
80%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
76%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
69%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
66%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
66%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
59%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
57%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
42%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
39%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
35%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
35%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
29%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Read and understand written information.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Write in a way that people can understand.
54%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
48%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
See details that are far away.
41%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
83%Guiding and directing staff
Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.
78%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
76%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
75%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
75%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
73%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
72%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
72%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
70%Managing payments and orders
Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.
70%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
69%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
67%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
67%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
66%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
65%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
64%Leading and encouraging a team
Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
59%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
58%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
58%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
53%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Use electronic mail.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
96%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
Work with people in a group or team.
93%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
92%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
92%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
91%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
91%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Work to strict deadlines.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
87%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
86%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
83%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
77%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
72%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
72%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-3051.00 - Industrial Production Managers.