Sculptors conceive and create three-dimensional forms to communicate impressions and ideas by carving or modelling materials, such as wood, stone, clay and metal, or assembling found and manufactured materials.
Conceives and develops ideas, designs and styles for sculptures.
Sketches designs of proposed sculptures, and makes wax and plaster models.
Devises forms from metal using welding and metalworking equipment, and from stone using masonry tools.
Carves and forms materials to desired shape using hand and power tools.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Visual Arts and Crafts Professionals, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 61% of people employed as Sculptors work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 5 percentage points below the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 46 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Sculptors||All Jobs Average|
Around 48% of Sculptors live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Victoria has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The region with the largest share of workers is Melbourne - Inner.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Sculptors is 49 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 36% of the workforce. This is 12 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Sculptors||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||13.6||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A high level of artistic skill is needed to work as a Sculptor. Some workers also have a university or Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification in fields like fine art, creative art or visual art.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Creative Arts and Culture VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Sculptors||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||12.7||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||7.0||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Visual Arts and Crafts Professionals who have strong interpersonal skills, can communicate well with diverse audiences and are reliable.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Reading work related information.
43%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Talking to others.
41%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.
Looking for ways to help people.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
37%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
36%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
36%Management of financial resources
Figuring out how money is needed to do something, and keeping track of the money that's being spent.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
27%Management of material resources
Providing the right equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do work.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
56%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
54%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
49%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
48%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
47%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
42%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
39%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
37%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
35%History and archeology
Events of the past, their causes, how we learn about them, and how they influence the way we live today.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
28%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
23%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Read and understand written information.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
41%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
72%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
62%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
62%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
59%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
57%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
Convincing people to buy something or to change their minds or actions.
54%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
53%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
52%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
48%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
47%Managing payments and orders
Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.
45%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
43%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
41%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
41%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
40%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
40%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
35%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
28%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
98%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
94%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
81%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
80%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
Talk on the telephone.
77%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
69%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Work to strict deadlines.
Talk with people face-to-face.
67%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
66%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Use electronic mail.
65%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
64%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
63%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
63%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
59%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
58%Indoors, not heat controlled
Work indoors without heating or cooling (e.g., warehouse without heat).
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 27-1013.00 - Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators.