Stonemasons cut and shape hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs to construct and renovate stone structures and monumental masonry.
Specialisations: Construction Stonemason, Monumental Stonemason.
A certificate III in stonemasonry is usually needed to work as a Stonemason. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship.
Studies plans and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures.
Seals foundations with damp resistant materials and spreads layers of mortar to serve as base and binder for blocks, using trowels.
Checks vertical and horizontal alignment.
Cuts, shapes, and polishes stones and bricks using machines and hand tools, and shapes bricks to fit irregular spaces.
Repairs and maintains bricks, cement blocks and related structures.
Designs and cuts monumental masonry including lettering.
Constructs walls using stone slabs and large masonry slab blocks.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Bricklayers and Stonemasons, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 84% of people employed as Stonemasons work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 18 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 43 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Stonemasons||All Jobs Average|
Around 64% of Stonemasons live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Western Australia has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Stonemasons is 37 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 1% of the workforce. This is 47 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Stonemasons||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||2.3||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A certificate III in stonemasonry is usually needed to work as a Stonemason. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship.
Registration or licencing may be required.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Stonemasons||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.5||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||20.9||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Bricklayers and Stonemasons who are reliable, work well in a team and are hardworking.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
50%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
41%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
39%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Teaching people how to do something.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
37%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Looking for ways to help people.
Talking to others.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
36%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Reading work related information.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
32%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
79%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
57%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
45%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
31%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
28%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
24%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
20%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
13%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Lift, push, pull, or carry things.
Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Exercise for a long time without your muscles getting tired.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Exercise for a long time without getting winded or out of breath.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Communicate by speaking.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
See details that are far away.
39%Whole body coordination
Move your arms, legs, and body together.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
39%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
94%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
91%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
68%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
68%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
62%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
61%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
58%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
58%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
55%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
55%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
51%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
51%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
50%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
50%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
49%Drafting, laying out, and specifying parts
Detailing and describing how devices, parts or equipment are to be made, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
47%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
43%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
35%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
32%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
97%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
95%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
94%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
91%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Talk with people face-to-face.
88%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
87%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
84%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
78%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
Work with people in a group or team.
77%Kneeling, crouching, stooping, or crawling
Spend time kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling.
Talk on the telephone.
74%Bending or twisting your body
Spend time bending or twisting your body.
73%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
73%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
73%Walking and running
Spend time walking and running.
72%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
72%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
Work to strict deadlines.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2022.00 - Stonemasons.