Wine Makers plan, supervise and coordinate the production of wine or spirits from selected varieties of grapes.
Examines fruit samples to assess ripeness, sugar and acid content, and determine suitability for processing.
Co-ordinates winemaking processes, directs workers in testing and crushing grapes, fermenting juices, and fortifying, clarifying, maturing and finishing wines.
Blends wines according to formulae and knowledge of winemaking techniques.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 85% of people employed as Wine Makers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 19 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 47 hours per week in their main job. This is 3 hours more than the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Wine Makers||All Jobs Average|
Around 67% of Wine Makers live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
South Australia has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Barossa - Yorke - Mid North
- Adelaide - Central and Hills
- South Australia - South East
- Adelaide - South.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Wine Makers is 42 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 35 to 44 years.
Females make up 20% of the workforce. This is 28 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Wine Makers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||7.8||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A bachelor degree in science majoring in viticulture, oenology or wine science is usually needed to work as a Wine Maker. Some workers have a related undergraduate degree with a postgraduate qualification in oenology. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Laboratory Operations and Food Processing VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Wine Makers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||12.3||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||2.9||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
45%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
41%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
41%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Reading work related information.
Talking to others.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
39%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
39%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Maintaining equipment and deciding what maintenance will be needed in the future.
Fixing machines or systems.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Figuring out why a machine or system went wrong and working out what to do about it.
34%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
59%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
46%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
38%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
37%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
36%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
33%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
32%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.
25%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
21%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Quickly move your hand, finger, or foot when a sound, light, picture or something else appears.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Lift, push, pull, or carry things.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
45%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
43%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
See details that are far away.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Tell the difference between sounds.
Keep your balance or stay upright.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
72%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
62%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
62%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
61%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
58%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
57%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
56%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
54%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
52%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
51%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
50%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
47%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
47%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
45%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
43%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
41%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
41%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
40%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
40%Working with mechanical equipment
Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment.
35%Driving vehicles or equipment
Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
98%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
93%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
Talk with people face-to-face.
87%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
85%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
83%Indoors, not heat controlled
Work indoors without heating or cooling (e.g., warehouse without heat).
83%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
80%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
79%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
Talk on the telephone.
77%Very hot or cold temperatures
Work in very hot or cold temperatures.
Work with people in a group or team.
73%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
72%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
72%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
Work near dangerous equipment like saws, machinery with open moving parts, or moving traffic.
70%Minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings
Be exposed to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings.
70%Automation of tasks
Do tasks that are mostly automated.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 51-9012.00 - Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders.