University Lecturers lecture students and conduct tutorials in one or more subjects within a prescribed course of study at a university and conduct research in a particular field of knowledge.
Prepares and delivers lectures, and conducts tutorials, seminars and laboratory sessions.
Prepares and marks essays, assignments and examinations.
Advises students on academic and related matters.
Attends departmental and faculty meetings, conferences and seminars.
Supervises work programmes of postgraduate and honours students and tutorial staff.
Participates in setting course and degree requirements, curriculum revision and academic planning.
Serves on council, senate, faculty and other committees and professorial boards.
Conducts research and undertakes consultancies in a particular field of knowledge.
Stimulates and guides class discussions.
Compiles bibliographies of specialised materials for reading assignments.
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, University Lecturers and Tutors, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 73% of people employed as University Lecturers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 7 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 46 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most University Lecturers work in the Education and training industry.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||University Lecturers||All Jobs Average|
Around 76% of University Lecturers live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
- Melbourne - Inner
- Sydney - City and Inner South
- Australian Capital Territory
- Melbourne - Inner East
- Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of University Lecturers is 48 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 48% of the workforce. This is the same as the all jobs average.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||University Lecturers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||7.9||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A formal qualification in an area of expertise is usually needed to work as a University Lecturer. Many workers have a postgraduate qualification.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||University Lecturers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||85.7||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||0.1||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for University Lecturers and Tutors who are accurate and pay attention to detail, motivated and have good interpersonal skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Talking to others.
Teaching people how to do something.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
55%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
52%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Using maths to solve problems.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
48%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Looking for ways to help people.
34%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
91%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
69%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
67%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
66%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
66%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
63%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
63%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
62%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
58%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
50%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
50%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
37%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
36%History and archeology
Events of the past, their causes, how we learn about them, and how they influence the way we live today.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Communicate by speaking.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Read and understand written information.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
50%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
45%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
See details that are far away.
41%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
86%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
79%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
79%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
76%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
76%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
75%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
72%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
69%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
69%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
69%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
68%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
68%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
65%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
65%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
63%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
63%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
59%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
53%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
52%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
97%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
Use electronic mail.
96%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
90%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk to a group of people.
Work with people in a group or team.
81%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
80%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Work to strict deadlines.
79%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
76%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
71%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
67%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
63%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
Deal with conflict or disagreements.
58%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 25-1011.00 - Business Teachers, Postsecondary.