Hydrographers measure, analyse and maintain the flow and quality of water in rivers, lakes, stormwater and sewage, and survey and map oceans, seas and rivers.
Prepares technical documentation and drawings for hydrographic survey solutions.
Performs routine mathematical calculations and computations of measurements for surveying and charting bodies of water.
Checks, calibrates and maintains surveying, sonar, navigational and other hydrography equipment.
Collects surveying data using computer systems, echo sounders, sonar, GPS and other navigation systems.
Conducts fieldwork by collecting water bed samples and aquatic life for laboratory experiments, tests and analyses.
Prepares maps, charts, sketches, diagrams and reports on the currents and compositions of water bodies.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Science Technicians, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 91% of people employed as Hydrographers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 25 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 43 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Hydrographers||All Jobs Average|
Around 58% of Hydrographers live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Queensland has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Hydrographers is 40 years. This is the same as the all jobs average.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 16% of the workforce. This is 32 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Hydrographers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||2.4||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A formal qualification in water industry operations, hydrography, geomatics or another related field is usually needed to work as a Hydrographer. Vocational Education and Training (VET) and university are both common study pathways.
- Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
- ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Laboratory Operations, Food Processing and Australian Meat Processing VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Hydrographers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||6.7||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||2.4||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Science Technicians who are reliable, work well in a team and have a strong work ethic.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Talking to others.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
55%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
55%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Using maths to solve problems.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Teaching people how to do something.
46%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
45%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Looking for ways to help people.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
82%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
68%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
65%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
58%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
57%Building and construction
Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.
57%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
55%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
44%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
42%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
40%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Communicate by speaking.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Read and understand written information.
Write in a way that people can understand.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
52%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
50%Working with numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.
See details that are far away.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
48%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
83%Making sense of information and ideas
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
82%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
81%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
79%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
79%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
78%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
76%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
74%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
74%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
73%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
73%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
72%Scheduling work and activities
Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
72%Giving expert advice
Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.
69%Coming up with systems and processes
Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.
69%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
67%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
67%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
64%Working with computers
Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
62%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Use electronic mail.
Talk on the telephone.
Talk with people face-to-face.
83%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
Work with people in a group or team.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
81%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
80%Spend time sitting
Spend time sitting at work.
79%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
77%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
77%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
76%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
74%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Work to strict deadlines.
72%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
71%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.
66%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
63%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
62%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9121.02 - Water Resource Specialists.