Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants
Child or Youth Residential Care Assistants provide care and supervision for children and young people living in residential or institutional facilities such as group homes and correctional institutions.
Plans and implements programmes of supervision and care for children in residential care.
Supervises and arranges activities to enhance the physical, social, emotional and intellectual development of children in residential care.
Wakes children and ensures they are washed, dressed, fed and ready for educational and recreational activities.
Supervises children during domestic activities such as eating meals and showering.
Maintains discipline, enforces regulations and behaviour standards, compiles disciplinary reports and assists in implementing remedial measures.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Special Care Workers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 56% of people employed as Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 10 percentage points below the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 46 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants||All Jobs Average|
Around 54% of Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants live outside of capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 38%.
Victoria and the Northern Territory have a large share of employment relative to their population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants is 34 years. This is younger than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.
Females make up 66% of the workforce. This is 18 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||1.6||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
A certificate III or IV in community services, social services, or child, youth, and family intervention is usually needed to work as a Child or Youth Residential Care Assistant.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Health Industry and Community Services VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Child and Youth Residential Care Assistants||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||5.8||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||5.1||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Special Care Workers who are caring, compassionate and empathetic and communicate clearly, with strong people skills.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Talking to others.
45%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
45%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Looking for ways to help people.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Teaching people how to do something.
Reading work related information.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
39%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
34%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.
Using maths to solve problems.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
55%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
44%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
31%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
29%Therapy and counselling
Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.
25%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
24%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
23%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
22%Sociology and anthropology
Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
21%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
21%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
20%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
19%Medicine and dentistry
Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
16%Philosophy and theology
Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.
15%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Read and understand written information.
46%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Write in a way that people can understand.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
See details that are far away.
Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.
Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
39%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Do two or more things at the same time.
Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
73%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
65%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
60%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
59%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
55%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
54%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
51%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
50%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
49%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
46%Communicating with the public
Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.
44%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
43%Documenting or recording information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
42%Coaching and developing others
Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.
42%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
39%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
39%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
36%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
35%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
31%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Work with people in a group or team.
92%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
Talk with people face-to-face.
91%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
85%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
82%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Talk on the telephone.
78%Lead or coordinate a team
Lead others to do work activities.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
77%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
75%Letters and memos
Write letters and memos.
75%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
72%Outdoors, exposed to weather
Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.
70%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
69%Consequence of error
Work where mistakes have serious consequences.
69%Disease or infection
Be exposed to disease or infections.
64%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
64%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
64%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
63%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 39-9011.00 - Childcare Workers.