Shoemakers make and repair boots or shoes.
Specialisations: Medical Grade Shoemaker, Shoe Repairer.
Formal qualifications are not usually required to work as a Shoemaker. Some workers have a certificate III in footwear.
Cuts and prepares canvas, leather to design specifications, patterns and drawings.
Joins parts of leather articles using rivets, hand sewing, sewing machines, tools and adhesive.
Restores and repairs leather articles.
Designs patterns and prototypes of boots and shoes.
Makes and grades patterns using manual and computerised methods.
Clicks synthetics, corrected grains, leather linings and leather outers by hand and machine.
Alters and repairs footwear.
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
JSA produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Canvas and Leather Goods Makers, under the outlook section.
Earnings and hours
Around 78% of people employed as Shoemakers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 12 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 46 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.
Most Shoemakers work in the Other services industry. They are also employed in industries like:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Shoemakers||All Jobs Average|
Around 73% of Shoemakers live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
South Australia has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
The regions with the largest share of workers are:
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Shoemakers is 49 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 13% of the workforce. This is 35 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Shoemakers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||12.0||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not usually required to work as a Shoemaker. Some workers have a certificate III in footwear.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Textiles, Clothing & Footwear VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Shoemakers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.7||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||27.3||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Canvas and Leather Goods Makers who are hardworking, reliable and work well in a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
34%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
34%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Looking for ways to help people.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
32%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Reading work related information.
Talking to others.
30%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
29%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
25%Management of personnel resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.
Teaching people how to do something.
Deciding on the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
39%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
30%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
29%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
28%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
23%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
23%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
17%Law and government
How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.
Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
13%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
13%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
Keep your hand or arm steady.
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
Communicate by speaking.
38%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
See details that are far away.
Tell the difference between sounds.
Quickly move your hand, finger, or foot when a sound, light, picture or something else appears.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
60%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
42%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
41%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
38%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
36%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
35%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
35%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
35%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
31%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
29%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
29%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
29%Keeping your knowledge up-to-date
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
28%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
25%Negotiating and resolving conflicts
Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.
25%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
23%Working with the public
Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.
22%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
21%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
19%Helping and caring for others
Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
93%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
90%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
89%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
88%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
87%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Work to strict deadlines.
Talk on the telephone.
68%Responsible for outcomes
Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.
68%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
68%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
68%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
Work with people in a group or team.
64%Physically close to people
Work physically close to other people.
62%Contact with the public
Work with customers or the public.
61%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
Work near dangers like high voltage electricity, flammable material, explosives or chemicals.
57%Minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings
Be exposed to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings.
56%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 51-6041.00 - Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers.
Links and downloads
Research and reports
The Skills Priority List provides a current labour market rating and a future demand rating for nearly 800 occupations nationally. Current labour market ratings are available for occupations at a state and territory level.
Occupation profiles data are available for download.
The Employment Projections are available for download.