Journalists and Other Writers

ANZSCO ID 2124

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
21,300
Future Growth
7.1%
Weekly Earnings
$1,753
Full-Time Share
68%
Female Share
56%
Average age
39

Summary

Journalists and Other Writers research and compile news stories, write and edit news reports, commentaries and feature stories for presentation in print and electronic media, and compose written material to advertise goods and services.

Tasks

  • determining advertising approach by consulting clients and management, and studying products to establish principal selling features

  • writing advertisements for press, radio, television, cinema screens, billboards, catalogues and shop displays

  • making decisions about the specific content of publications in conjunction with other senior editors and in accordance with editorial policies and guidelines

  • reviewing copy for publication to ensure conformity with accepted rules of grammar, style and format, coherence of story, and accuracy, legality and probity of content

  • collecting and analysing facts about newsworthy events from interviews, printed matter, investigations and observations

  • writing news reports, commentaries, articles and feature stories for newspapers, magazines, journals, television and radio on topics of public interest

  • researching and writing technical, information-based material and documentation for manuals, text books, handbooks and multimedia products

  • critically discussing daily news topics in the editorial columns of newspapers and reviewing books, films and plays


Outlook

Employment Outlook

The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers:

  • is expected to grow moderately
  • is likely to reach 17,500 by 2026.
  • Source: National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.

    Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.

    Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.

Projected Change
7.1%
(or 1,200 jobs)
From
16,300
in 2021
To
17,500
in 2026

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Year Employment
2011 21,800
2012 27,900
2013 21,200
2014 23,900
2015 29,100
2016 22,700
2017 26,900
2018 21,300
2019 22,600
2020 30,000
2021 16,300
2026 17,500

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.


Earnings and hours

Working arrangements

  • Around 68% of people employed as Journalists and Other Writers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is similar to the all jobs average (66%).

    Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.

    More than half of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).

    Median full-time earnings are $1,753 per week, this is higher than the all jobs median ($1,593):

    • 3 in 4 workers earn more than $1,262
    • 1 in 4 earn more than $2,252

    Median hourly earnings are $44, this is more than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).

    Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Earnings Journalists and Other Writers All Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings 1,753 1,593
Total Earnings 0 0

Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.


Industries

Main industries

1
Information Media and Telecommunications
37.5%
2
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
18.8%
3
Arts and Recreation Services
14.6%
4
Public Administration and Safety
5.8%
5
Other industries
23.8%

Regions

Employment across Australia

NSW

42.0% All occupations: 31.6%

VIC

25.4% All occupations: 25.6%

QLD

14.8% All occupations: 20.0%

SA

4.9% All occupations: 7.0%

WA

7.3% All occupations: 10.8%

TAS

1.7% All occupations: 2.0%

NT

0.6% All occupations: 1.0%

ACT

3.3% All occupations: 1.9%

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

State Journalists and Other Writers All Jobs Average
NSW 42.0 31.6
VIC 25.4 25.6
QLD 14.8 20.0
SA 4.9 7.0
WA 7.3 10.8
TAS 1.7 2.0
NT 0.6 1.0
ACT 3.3 1.9



Worker profile

Age and gender

Age In Years
39
All Jobs Average is 40
Female Share
56%
All Jobs Average is 48%
  • The median age of Journalists and Other Writers is 39 years. This is similar to the all jobs average of 40 years.

    A large share of workers are aged 25 to 34 years.

    Females make up 56% of the workforce. This is 8 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age Bracket Journalists and Other Writers All Jobs Average
15-19 0.7 5.0
20-24 9.1 9.3
25-34 29.1 22.9
35-44 23.5 22.0
45-54 19.6 21.6
55-59 7.6 9.0
60-64 5.2 6.0
65 and Over 5.2 4.2
Median Age 39 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Employment Pathways

Education, training and experience

A university degree in journalism, writing, communications or another related field is usually needed to work as a Journalist or Other Writer. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Visit

  • Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
  • ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Creative Arts and Culture VET training pathways.

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of Qualification Journalists and Other Writers All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 18.5 10.1
Bachelor degree 52.4 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 7.9 11.6
Certificate III/IV 4.2 21.1
Year 12 14.3 18.1
Year 11 1.0 4.8
Year 10 and below 1.6 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.


Skills and Knowledge

Employers look for Journalists and Writers who are literate and can interact well with others.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  • 68%

    Writing

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  • 64%

    Speaking

    Talking to others.

  • 59%

    Critical thinking

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  • 59%

    Reading comprehension

    Reading work related information.

  • 57%

    Active listening

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  • 57%

    Social perceptiveness

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  • 54%

    Active learning

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  • 52%

    Judgment and decision making

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  • 50%

    Coordination with others

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  • 48%

    Complex problem solving

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  • 48%

    Time management

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  • 45%

    Monitoring

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  • 45%

    Persuasion

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  • 43%

    Negotiation

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  • 36%

    Management of personnel resources

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  • 36%

    Serving others

    Looking for ways to help people.

  • 29%

    Instructing

    Teaching people how to do something.

  • 29%

    Learning strategies

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  • 29%

    Systems analysis

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  • 27%

    Operations analysis

    Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.


Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  • 79%

    English language

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • 79%

    Communications and media

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  • 62%

    Geography

    Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

  • 54%

    Sociology and anthropology

    Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

  • 53%

    History and archeology

    Events of the past, their causes, how we learn about them, and how they influence the way we live today.

  • 51%

    Law and government

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  • 49%

    Computers and electronics

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • 48%

    Mathematics

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  • 47%

    Philosophy and theology

    Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.

  • 45%

    Administration and management

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  • 44%

    Clerical

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  • 40%

    Public safety and security

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  • 40%

    Customer and personal service

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  • 40%

    Psychology

    Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

  • 35%

    Education and training

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • 34%

    Telecommunications

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

  • 34%

    Transportation

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

  • 29%

    Economics and accounting

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  • 29%

    Foreign language

    Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

  • 23%

    Fine arts

    Compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.


Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities..

  • 64%

    Oral comprehension

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  • 63%

    Oral expression

    Communicate by speaking.

  • 61%

    Speech recognition

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  • 61%

    Written expression

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  • 57%

    Inductive reasoning

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  • 57%

    Near vision

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  • 57%

    Speech clarity

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  • 57%

    Written comprehension

    Read and understand written information.

  • 55%

    Brainstorming

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  • 55%

    Deductive reasoning

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  • 54%

    Originality

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  • 54%

    Problem spotting

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  • 50%

    Sorting or ordering

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • 43%

    Categorising

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  • 43%

    Selective attention

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  • 39%

    Memorization

    Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.

  • 39%

    Speed of recognition

    Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

  • 34%

    Flexibility of closure

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  • 34%

    Far vision

    See details that are far away.

  • 32%

    Multitasking

    Do two or more things at the same time.


Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  • 84%

    Communicating with the public

    Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 77%

    Building good relationships

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  • 75%

    Researching and investigating

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  • 69%

    Planning and prioritising work

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  • 65%

    Explaining things to people

    Helping people to understand and use information.

  • 64%

    Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  • 62%

    Communicating within a team

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 61%

    Looking for changes over time

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  • 60%

    Thinking creatively

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  • 59%

    Documenting or recording information

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  • 58%

    Making sense of information and ideas

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  • 56%

    Working with the public

    Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.

  • 51%

    Collecting and organising information

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  • 49%

    Making decisions and solving problems

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  • 47%

    Assessing and evaluating things

    Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.

  • 45%

    Monitoring people, processes and things

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  • 41%

    Checking compliance with standards

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

  • 41%

    Scheduling work and activities

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  • 40%

    Working with computers

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  • 40%

    Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.


Interests and demands

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  • 90%

    Creative

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  • 62%

    Enterprising

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  • 57%

    Analytical

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  • 43%

    Administrative

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  • 38%

    Helping

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

  • 24%

    Practical

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.


Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
  • 81%

    Achievement

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  • 76%

    Recognition

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  • 71%

    Independence

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  • 64%

    Working conditions

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  • 48%

    Relationships

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  • 48%

    Support

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.


Demands

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:
  • 100%

    Time pressure

    Work to strict deadlines.

  • 99%

    Electronic mail

    Use electronic mail.

  • 99%

    Telephone

    Talk on the telephone.

  • 94%

    Contact with people

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  • 93%

    Face-to-face discussions

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  • 91%

    Being exact or accurate

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  • 91%

    Freedom to make decisions

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  • 89%

    Indoors, heat controlled

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  • 85%

    Frequent decision making

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  • 83%

    Unstructured work

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  • 82%

    Impact of decisions

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  • 80%

    Competition

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  • 80%

    Spend time sitting

    Spend time sitting at work.

  • 75%

    In an enclosed vehicle or equipment

    Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).

  • 74%

    Letters and memos

    Write letters and memos.

  • 74%

    Contact with the public

    Work with customers or the public.

  • 74%

    Teamwork

    Work with people in a group or team.

  • 64%

    Angry or unpleasant people

    Deal with unpleasant, angry, or rude people.

  • 64%

    Physically close to people

    Work physically close to other people.

  • 63%

    Conflict situations

    Deal with conflict or disagreements.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 27-3022.00 - Reporters and Correspondents.


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