Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers
Print Finishers and Screen Printers bind books and other publications, finish printed products by hand and machine, prepare stencils, and set up and operate power-driven and hand-operated screen print equipment.
setting up and supervising the operation of automatic binding and finishing equipment
binding full, half and limp-bound books, and repairing bindings
folding, collating and sewing signatures by machine and hand
operating paper guillotines for pre-press and post-press paper cutting and trimming, and programming electronically operated units
operating systems to insert printed material into newspapers, magazines and envelopes
embellishing printed products automatically and manually
operating photographic and electronic reproduction devices
preparing stencils using computer and hand-cut methods
selecting, mixing and matching coloured inks and loading into screen printing presses
loading printed items into drying racks, and unloading and stacking dry items
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
Informal or on-the-job
The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. The latest data are for the five years from November 2021 to November 2026. Over this period, the number of workers in this occupation is likely to remain stable.
Source: National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Notes: The number employed includes people who work in this occupation as their main job. People who work in more than one job are counted against the occupation they work the most hours in.
Employment projections figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Calculations based on these rounded figures may result in differences to the numbers that are displayed on this page. Employment projections data (including occupations) can be downloaded from the Employment Projections page.
Number of Workers
Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, ABS seasonally adjusted data to November 2021 and National Skills Commission Employment Projections to 2026.
Earnings and hours
Around 80% of people employed as Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 14 percentage points above the all jobs average (66%).
Full-time workers work an average of 41 hours per week in their main job. This is similar to the all jobs average (44 hours per week).
More than a third of workers regularly work overtime or extra hours (either paid or unpaid).
Median full-time earnings are $954 per week, this is much lower than the all jobs median ($1,593):
- 3 in 4 workers earn more than $938
- 1 in 4 earn more than $986
Median hourly earnings are $25, this is lower than the all jobs median ($41 per hour).
Sources: Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average. Overtime hours: ABS, Characteristics of Employment, 2021. Full-time median earnings and median hourly earnings: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021. Compared to all jobs median.
Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)
|Earnings||Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers||All Jobs Average|
Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2021, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
Employment across Australia
Employment by State and Territory (% Share)
|State||Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers||All Jobs Average|
Around 69% of Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.
Victoria has a large share of employment relative to its population size.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age and gender
The median age of Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers is 47 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.
A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years.
Females make up 26% of the workforce. This is 22 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%.
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.
Age Profile (% Share)
|Age Bracket||Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers||All Jobs Average|
|65 and Over||4.6||4.2|
Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Education, training and experience
Formal qualifications are not essential to work as a Binder, Finisher or Screen Printer. Although some workers have a certificate III or IV in print manufacturing or printing and graphic arts. These courses are often completed as part of an apprenticeship.
- My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
- AAPathways website to explore Printing & Graphic Arts VET training pathways.
Highest Level of Education (% Share)
|Type of Qualification||Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers||All Jobs Average|
|Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate||0.6||10.1|
|Year 10 and below||19.3||12.5|
Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Skills and Knowledge
Employers look for Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers who are hardworking, reliable and work well in a team.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Maintaining equipment and deciding what maintenance will be needed in the future.
45%Operation and control
Controlling equipment or systems.
Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.
Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
41%Complex problem solving
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.
41%Quality control analysis
Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.
Reading work related information.
39%Coordination with others
Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.
Teaching people how to do something.
39%Judgment and decision making
Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.
Fixing machines or systems.
Talking to others.
Figuring out why a machine or system went wrong and working out what to do about it.
Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Understanding why people react the way they do.
Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.
Looking for ways to help people.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
44%Production and processing
Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.
43%Administration and management
Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
39%Customer and personal service
Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
35%Education and training
Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.
33%Computers and electronics
Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
28%Personnel and human resources
Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.
Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
23%Sales and marketing
Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
22%Engineering and technology
Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.
Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
16%Economics and accounting
Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.
16%Public safety and security
Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
11%Communications and media
Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.
Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities..
See details that are up-close (within a few feet).
Listen to and understand what people say.
Communicate by speaking.
Imagine how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
Keep your hand or arm steady.
Put together small parts with your fingers.
Quickly change the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
46%Sorting or ordering
Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
45%Flexibility of closure
See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.
Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.
Come up with different ways of grouping things.
Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Pay attention to something without being distracted.
Read and understand written information.
Speak clearly so others can understand you.
Use your arms and/or legs at the same time while sitting, standing, or lying down.
Identify and understand the speech of another person.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
76%Handling and moving objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.
69%Controlling equipment or machines
Operating machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).
62%Monitoring people, processes and things
Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.
56%Making decisions and solving problems
Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.
55%Planning and prioritising work
Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.
54%Researching and investigating
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
54%Doing physically active work
Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.
53%Working with mechanical equipment
Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment.
53%Communicating within a team
Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.
52%Looking for changes over time
Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.
51%Building good relationships
Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.
Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.
48%Collecting and organising information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
47%Checking for errors or defects
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.
46%Assessing and evaluating things
Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.
44%Checking compliance with standards
Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
41%Explaining things to people
Helping people to understand and use information.
40%Training and teaching others
Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.
39%Coordinating the work of a team
Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.
38%Estimating amounts, costs and resources
Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.
Interests and demands
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
94%Spend time standing
Spend time standing at work.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Work with people in a group or team.
86%Being exact or accurate
Be very exact or highly accurate.
86%Using your hands to handle, control, or feel
Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.
86%Indoors, heat controlled
Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.
84%Making repetitive motions
Spend time making repetitive motions.
79%Loud or uncomfortable sounds
Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.
79%Wear common protective or safety equipment
Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.
Work to strict deadlines.
75%Impact of decisions
Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.
Work near dangerous equipment like saws, machinery with open moving parts, or moving traffic.
74%Exposure to contaminants
Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.
72%Frequent decision making
Frequently make decisions that impact other people.
72%Repeating same tasks
Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.
71%Contact with people
Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.
71%Pace of work set by equipment
Pace of work depends on the speed of equipment or machinery.
71%Health and safety of others
Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
68%Freedom to make decisions
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 51-5113.00 - Print Binding and Finishing Workers.