Historians

ANZSCO ID 272411

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
500
Future Growth
N/A
Weekly Earnings
N/A
Full-Time Share
49%
Female Share
63%
Average age
53

Summary

Historians research the history of human activity and prepare accounts of findings.

Specialisations: Art Historian, Cultural Historian, Economic Historian, Geographical Historian.

A bachelor degree in history is usually needed to work as a Historian. Many workers have a postgraduate qualification.

Tasks

  • Assembles historical data by consulting sources of information such as historical indexes and catalogues, archives, court records, diaries, newspaper files and other materials.

  • Organises, authenticates, evaluates and interprets historical, political, sociological, anthropological and linguistic data.

  • Undertakes historical and cultural research into human activity, and prepares and presents research findings.

Characteristics


Outlook

Employment Outlook

The NSC produces employment projections to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation, Social Professionals, under the outlook section.


Earnings and hours

Working arrangements

  • Around 49% of people employed as Historians work full-time hours, in all their jobs combined. This is 17 percentage points below the all jobs average (66%).

    Full-time workers work an average of 44 hours per week in their main job. This is the same as the all jobs average.

    Sources:Full-time share and full-time hours: ABS, 2016 Census, customised report. Compared to the all jobs average.


Industries

Main industries

1
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
26.6%
2
Education and Training
21.6%
3
Arts and Recreation Services
15.7%
4
Public Administration and Safety
13.9%
5
Other industries
16.1%

Regions

Employment across Australia

NSW

26.0% All occupations: 31.6%

VIC

28.6% All occupations: 25.6%

QLD

15.3% All occupations: 20.0%

SA

6.8% All occupations: 7.0%

WA

10.9% All occupations: 10.8%

TAS

1.8% All occupations: 2.0%

NT

1.0% All occupations: 1.0%

ACT

9.7% All occupations: 1.9%

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

State Historians All Jobs Average
NSW 26.0 31.6
VIC 28.6 25.6
QLD 15.3 20.0
SA 6.8 7.0
WA 10.9 10.8
TAS 1.8 2.0
NT 1.0 1.0
ACT 9.7 1.9


  • Around 81% of Historians live in capital cities, compared with the all jobs average of 62%.

    The Australian Capital Territory and Victoria have a large share of employment relative to their population size.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian states, territories and regions, in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Worker profile

Age and gender

Age In Years
53
All Jobs Average is 40
Female Share
63%
All Jobs Average is 48%
  • The median age of Historians is 53 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years.

    A large share of workers are aged 65 years and over.

    Females make up 63% of the workforce. This is 15 percentage points above the all jobs average of 48%.

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age Bracket Historians All Jobs Average
15-19 0.0 5.0
20-24 1.4 9.3
25-34 13.7 22.9
35-44 15.9 22.0
45-54 21.3 21.6
55-59 12.1 9.0
60-64 11.3 6.0
65 and Over 24.3 4.2
Median Age 53 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.


Employment Pathways

Education, training and experience

A bachelor degree in history is usually needed to work as a Historian. Many workers have a postgraduate qualification.

Visit

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  • ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of Qualification Historians All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 62.3 10.1
Bachelor degree 23.7 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 5.7 11.6
Certificate III/IV 2.3 21.1
Year 12 5.5 18.1
Year 11 0.0 4.8
Year 10 and below 0.6 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.


Skills and Knowledge

Employers look for Social Professionals who have good leadership and planning skills, with a strong ability to communicate.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  • 70%

    Reading comprehension

    Reading work related information.

  • 70%

    Writing

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  • 59%

    Critical thinking

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  • 59%

    Speaking

    Talking to others.

  • 57%

    Active listening

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  • 54%

    Active learning

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  • 52%

    Learning strategies

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  • 48%

    Instructing

    Teaching people how to do something.

  • 48%

    Social perceptiveness

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  • 48%

    Judgment and decision making

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  • 45%

    Complex problem solving

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  • 45%

    Monitoring

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  • 43%

    Coordination with others

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  • 43%

    Persuasion

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  • 41%

    Management of personnel resources

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  • 41%

    Time management

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  • 37%

    Science

    Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

  • 32%

    Negotiation

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  • 32%

    Serving others

    Looking for ways to help people.

  • 32%

    Systems analysis

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.


Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  • 78%

    History and archeology

    Events of the past, their causes, how we learn about them, and how they influence the way we live today.

  • 64%

    English language

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • 63%

    Geography

    Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

  • 58%

    Clerical

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  • 57%

    Education and training

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • 55%

    Computers and electronics

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • 54%

    Customer and personal service

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  • 53%

    Sociology and anthropology

    Group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

  • 51%

    Administration and management

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  • 51%

    Fine arts

    Compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

  • 50%

    Philosophy and theology

    Philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and impact on society.

  • 43%

    Communications and media

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  • 40%

    Mathematics

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  • 38%

    Technical design

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  • 35%

    Sales and marketing

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  • 33%

    Psychology

    Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

  • 32%

    Public safety and security

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  • 30%

    Production and processing

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  • 29%

    Law and government

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  • 22%

    Economics and accounting

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.


Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities..

  • 71%

    Written comprehension

    Read and understand written information.

  • 70%

    Written expression

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  • 68%

    Oral expression

    Communicate by speaking.

  • 66%

    Oral comprehension

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  • 55%

    Inductive reasoning

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  • 55%

    Near vision

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  • 55%

    Speech clarity

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  • 52%

    Deductive reasoning

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  • 50%

    Problem spotting

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  • 50%

    Speech recognition

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  • 50%

    Brainstorming

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  • 48%

    Categorising

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  • 46%

    Sorting or ordering

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • 45%

    Originality

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  • 39%

    Selective attention

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  • 39%

    Flexibility of closure

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  • 34%

    Far vision

    See details that are far away.

  • 30%

    Memorization

    Remember things like words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.

  • 29%

    Multitasking

    Do two or more things at the same time.

  • 27%

    Auditory attention

    Pay attention to a certain sound when there are other distracting sounds.


Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  • 72%

    Looking for changes over time

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  • 72%

    Building good relationships

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  • 72%

    Communicating with the public

    Giving information to the public, business or government by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 70%

    Working with the public

    Greeting or serving customers, clients or guests, and public speaking or performing.

  • 69%

    Thinking creatively

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  • 69%

    Researching and investigating

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  • 68%

    Collecting and organising information

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  • 67%

    Explaining things to people

    Helping people to understand and use information.

  • 66%

    Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  • 65%

    Communicating within a team

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  • 65%

    Documenting or recording information

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  • 65%

    Making decisions and solving problems

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  • 65%

    Planning and prioritising work

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  • 62%

    Making sense of information and ideas

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  • 58%

    Assessing and evaluating things

    Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.

  • 53%

    Coming up with systems and processes

    Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  • 53%

    Giving expert advice

    Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.

  • 51%

    Scheduling work and activities

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  • 50%

    Providing office support

    Doing day-to-day office work such as filing and processing paperwork.

  • 50%

    Working with computers

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.


Interests and demands

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  • 95%

    Analytical

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  • 43%

    Administrative

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  • 38%

    Creative

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  • 38%

    Enterprising

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  • 38%

    Helping

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

  • 14%

    Practical

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.


Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
  • 71%

    Achievement

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  • 71%

    Independence

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  • 71%

    Recognition

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  • 71%

    Relationships

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  • 64%

    Working conditions

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  • 43%

    Support

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.


Demands

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:
  • 91%

    Freedom to make decisions

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  • 90%

    Face-to-face discussions

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  • 90%

    Unstructured work

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  • 86%

    Telephone

    Talk on the telephone.

  • 86%

    Indoors, heat controlled

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  • 85%

    Electronic mail

    Use electronic mail.

  • 84%

    Being exact or accurate

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  • 84%

    Teamwork

    Work with people in a group or team.

  • 83%

    Contact with people

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  • 80%

    Impact of decisions

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  • 79%

    Spend time sitting

    Spend time sitting at work.

  • 77%

    Contact with the public

    Work with customers or the public.

  • 70%

    Lead or coordinate a team

    Lead others to do work activities.

  • 69%

    Frequent decision making

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  • 65%

    Physically close to people

    Work physically close to other people.

  • 64%

    Repeating same tasks

    Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.

  • 61%

    Making repetitive motions

    Spend time making repetitive motions.

  • 58%

    Conflict situations

    Deal with conflict or disagreements.

  • 57%

    Letters and memos

    Write letters and memos.

  • 57%

    Public speaking

    Talk to a group of people.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-3093.00 - Historians.


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