Accommodation and Food Services

Overview

Snapshot

Employed
923,200
Past Growth
2.9%
Future Growth
16.8%
Weekly Earnings
$500
Workforce Share
6.8%
Full-Time Share
40.1%
Female Share
55.7%
Average Age
26

Summary

Accommodation and Food Services is a large employing industry. Around 6.8% of workers have their main job in this industry.

This industry includes:

  • short-term accommodation providers
  • cafes, restaurants and takeaway food services
  • pubs, taverns, bars and clubs
  • clubs providing hospitality services to members.

On-the-job training is common, and many workers do not have post-school qualifications. Although, a quarter of workers have a VET qualification.

Part-time work is common.

Average earnings are $500 per week, lower the all industries average of $1,200.

Employment

Employment in the Accommodation and Food Services industry grew over the 20 years to August 2022.

The number of workers:

  • grew by 19,900 (or 2.2%) over the last quarter
  • grew by 104,900 (or 12.8%) over the last year.

Quarterly employment update, Accommodation and Food Services

Source: ABS, Labour Force Survey, Detailed, August 2022, seasonally adjusted.


Outlook

Employment in Accommodation and Food Services is projected to grow by 112,400 (or 13.2%) over the five years to November 2026.

Employment levels, past and projected, Accommodation and Food Services

Source: ABS, Labour Force Survey, Detailed, November 2021, seasonally adjusted and National Skills Commission, 2021 Employment projections for the five years to 2026.


Sectors

Cafes, Restaurants and Takeaway Food Services is the largest sector in the Accommodation and Food Services industry, employing 74.1% of workers.

Employment by sector, Accommodation and Food Services

Source: ABS, Labour Force Survey, Detailed, August 2022, seasonally adjusted.


Occupations

Largest employing occupations

Waiters is the largest employing occupation in the Accommodation and Food Services industry.

The 10 largest employing occupations are shown below. The table shows:

  • the number employed in all industries
  • the number employed in this industry
  • the proportion employed in this industry.

Some occupations are common across a number of industries.

Largest employing occupations, Accommodation and Food Services industry

ANZSCO Code Occupation title

Employment
(all industries)

Employment
(this industry)
Proportion employed in this industry
4315 Waiters 124,800 115,800 93%
8513 Kitchenhands 131,400 94,700 72%
4311 Bar Attendants and Baristas 96,700 85,300 88%
6211 Sales Assistants (General) 543,500 76,000 14%
3513 Chefs 89,000 73,800 83%
1411 Cafe and Restaurant Managers 60,600 53,500 88%
8511 Fast Food Cooks 49,800 48,700 98%
1421 Retail Managers 249,100 28,600 11%
4312 Cafe Workers 33,300 27,100 81%
3514 Cooks 38,900 26,400 68%

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, four quarter average, 2021.

Related occupations

The Accommodation and Food Services industry employs workers in a range of occupations.

The table below shows related occupations by ANZSCO Skill Level (Skill Level 1 is the highest skill level). This includes occupations that:

  • contribute a large share of industry employment (account for at least 3% of industry employment)
  • have a large share of workers in this industry (at least 5% of workers in an occupation).

These thresholds were used as a guide only and a number refinements were made to the list of occupations included.

The table shows the total number of people employed in each occupation as well as the number and proportion employed in this industry at the time of the 2016 ABS Census.

  • In most cases, 6-digit ANZSCO occupations are shown. This is the most detailed level of ANZSCO.
  • 4-digit occupations are shown where the ANZSCO classification system only has one valid 6-digit occupation.
  • The 4-digit employment figures will differ from the figures shown in the Largest employment occupations table above because the figures have come from different data sources.

Expand or collapse each Skill Level button to view related occupations.

Occupations related to Accommodation and Food Services industry, by skill level

ANZSCO code Occupation title Employment
(all industries)
Employed
(this industry)
Proportion employed in this industry
211213 Musician (Instrumental) 6,217 370 6%
212113 Radio Presenter 1,808 148 8%
211113 Entertainer or Variety Artist 1,909 141 7%
211199 Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers nec 1,111 117 11%
211112 Dancer or Choreographer 963 114 12%
211214 Singer 888 64 7%

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.

ANZSCO code Occupation title Employment
(all industries)
Employed
(this industry)
Proportion employed in this industry
3513 Chef 77,825 65,695 84%
1411 Cafe or Restaurant Manager 53,005 44,903 85%
142111 Retail Manager (General) 164,975 24,087 15%
1413 Hotel or Motel Manager 19,815 18,822 95%
4314 Hotel Service Manager 7,195 5,914 82%
1414 Licensed Club Manager 5,688 4,573 80%
1493 Conference and Event Organiser 19,769 3,808 19%
1412 Caravan Park and Camping Ground Manager 3,249 2,883 89%
141999 Accommodation and Hospitality Managers nec 3,896 2,654 68%
149913 Facilities Manager 16,717 1,237 7%
141911 Bed and Breakfast Operator 1,278 1,156 90%
149111 Amusement Centre Manager 1,851 490 26%
142113 Betting Agency Manager 686 182 27%

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.

ANZSCO code Occupation title Employment
(all industries)
Employed
(this industry)
Proportion employed in this industry
3514 Cook 39,890 27,150 68%
351112 Pastrycook 6,388 2,027 32%
3623 Greenkeeper 12,002 1,902 16%
612112 Property Manager 33,785 1,576 5%
351111 Baker 16,741 1,113 7%
452412 Golfer 1,010 137 14%

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.

ANZSCO code Occupation title Employment
(all industries)
Employed
(this industry)
Proportion employed in this industry
4315 Waiter 104,293 94,383 90%
431111 Bar Attendant 45,711 41,578 91%
431112 Barista 36,270 31,153 86%
7321 Delivery Driver 37,794 8,469 22%
542113 Hotel or Motel Receptionist 7,114 6,762 95%
542111 Receptionist (General) 89,790 5,585 6%
6215 Retail Supervisor 27,163 2,856 11%
4313 Gaming Worker 7,168 1,415 20%
442217 Security Officer 38,478 1,231 3%
442213 Crowd Controller 560 118 21%
423412 Hostel Parent 1,365 109 8%

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.

ANZSCO code Occupation title Employment
(all industries)
Employed
(this industry)
Proportion employed in this industry
8513 Kitchenhand 106,327 72,700 68%
6211 Sales Assistant (General) 512,086 72,095 14%
8511 Fast Food Cook 34,599 33,083 96%
4312 Cafe Worker 29,051 22,543 78%
811411 Commercial Housekeeper 25,413 17,162 68%
8112 Commercial Cleaner 122,644 11,088 9%
631111 Checkout Operator 94,011 10,997 12%
8997 Vending Machine Attendant 4,790 3,464 72%
8993 Handyperson 29,283 2,775 9%
631112 Office Cashier 7,062 2,056 29%
811412 Domestic Housekeeper 5,460 1,372 25%
639411 Ticket Seller 15,248 1,149 8%
431999 Hospitality Workers nec 2,848 809 28%
431912 Doorperson or Luggage Porter 1,120 798 71%
431911 Bar Useful or Busser 825 722 88%
811511 Laundry Worker (General) 10,026 580 6%
8991 Caretaker 5,932 548 9%
831199 Food and Drink Factory Workers nec 7,519 470 6%
851299 Food Trades Assistants nec 935 435 47%
831115 Fruit and Vegetable Factory Worker 2,245 384 17%
621711 Cash Van Salesperson 1,350 206 15%
561111 Betting Agency Counter Clerk 1,050 178 17%
621713 Street Vendor 696 144 21%
561199 Betting Clerks nec 304 129 42%
442299 Security Officers and Guards nec 344 27 8%

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report.


Data Downloads

Industry profile data

This file contains data for all 19 industries to make comparing industry data easy. Information available includes:

  • Industry snapshot data
  • Industry employment (20-year time series)
  • Industry employment projections
  • Industry sector employment
  • Top employing occupations by industry
Excel document
Industry Profile Data August 2022

(95 Kb)

Occupations related to each Industry, by Skill Level

This spreadsheet lists occupations that are related to each industry by ANZSCO Skill Level.

Excel document
Related Occupations By Skill Level

(300 Kb)

Occupation (ANZSCO) to industry (ANZSIC) correspondence

This file maps occupations to industries using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) and Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).

Data are sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census.

The purposes of the correspondence are to:

  • Identify occupations that contribute a large share of employment to each industry.
  • Identify occupations that have a strong association with each industry, even if they do not contribute a large share of employment to the industry.
Excel document
Occupation (ANZSCO) To Industry (ANZSIC) Correspondence

(313 Kb)


Useful links

Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) 

The ANZSIC provides a basis for the standardised collection, analysis and dissemination of economic data on an industry basis for Australia and New Zealand. The ANZSIC is a hierarchical industry classification with four levels, namely Divisions (the broadest level), Subdivisions, Groups and Classes (the finest level).

There are 19 Division level industries, most industry data on LMI are displayed at this level. Division level industries provide a broad overall picture of the economy and this level is most suitable for the publication of summary tables in official statistics. 

The Subdivision, Group and Class levels provide increasingly detailed dissections of these categories for the compilation of more specific and detailed statistics. The sector data on LMI is at the Group level. 

For more information on the ANZSIC visit the ABS website


Industry links

INDUSTRY QUICK LINKS
Back to top